ืจืืฉื™ ืžืืžืจื™ื ื’ืจืคื™ืงื” "ื”ืขืจืžืช ืคื•ืงื•ืก" โ€“ ืœื‘ื ื•ืช ืืช ื”ืชืžื•ื ื” ืžืคืจื•ืกื•ืช

"ื”ืขืจืžืช ืคื•ืงื•ืก" โ€“ ืœื‘ื ื•ืช ืืช ื”ืชืžื•ื ื” ืžืคืจื•ืกื•ืช

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ืื ื• ืฉืžื—ื™ื ืœืคืจืกื ื”ื™ื•ื ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ื‘ืœืขื“ื™ ืคืจืง ืžืชื•ืš ืกืคืจ ืขื‘ืจื™ ื—ื“ืฉ ื”ื ื•ืฉื ืืช ื”ืฉื "ืขื™ื‘ื•ื“ ืชืžื•ื ื” ื‘-Photoshop". ื”ืกืคืจ ืคื•ื ื” ื‘ืจืืฉ ื•ื‘ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ืœืงื”ืœ ื”ืฆืœืžื™ื, ื•ื›ื•ืœืœ ืขืฉืจื•ืช ืชืจื’ื™ืœื™ื ื”ืžื•ืกื‘ืจื™ื ื‘ืฉืคื” ื™ื“ื™ื“ื•ืชื™ืช ื•ื‘ืœื™ื•ื•ื™ ืฆื™ืœื•ืžื™ ืžืกืš ืžืชื•ืš Photoshop CS5. ื”ืชืจื’ื™ืœื™ื ืžื›ืกื™ื ืงืฉืช ืจื—ื‘ื” ืฉืœ ื ื•ืฉืื™ื ื”ืจืœื•ื•ื ื˜ื™ื™ื ืœืฉื™ืคื•ืจ ื•ืขื™ื‘ื•ื“ ืชืžื•ื ื”. ื”ืžืืžืจ ืื•ืชื• ืื ื• ืžื‘ื™ืื™ื ื‘ืคื ื™ื›ื ื”ื™ื•ื ื”ื™ื ื• ื”ืจื—ื‘ื” ืฉืœ ืื—ื“ ื”ื ื•ืฉืื™ื ื”ืžื•ืคื™ืขื™ื ื‘ืกืคืจ, ื•ื ื›ืชื‘ ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืขื‘ื•ืจื™ ื’ื•ืœืฉื™ MegaPixel, ืขื ื“ื’ืฉ ื ื•ืกืฃ ืขืœ ื”ืคืŸ ื”ืฆื™ืœื•ืžื™.

Focus Stacking – ื”ื™ื ื” ื˜ื›ื ื™ืงืช ืฆื™ืœื•ื ื•ืขื™ื‘ื•ื“, ืฉื–ื›ืชื” ืœืฉื ื”ืขื‘ืจื™ ื”ืžืขื˜ ืžืฉื•ื ื” "ื”ืขืจืžืช ืคื•ืงื•ืก" (ืžืœืฉื•ืŸ ื™ืฆื™ืจืช ืขืจื™ืžื”). ื”ืจืขื™ื•ืŸ ื”ืขื•ืžื“ ื‘ื‘ืกื™ืก ื”ืฉื™ื˜ื” ื”ื•ื ื™ืฆื™ืจืช "ืขืจื™ืžื”" ืฉืœ ืชืžื•ื ื•ืช ื–ื”ื•ืช, ืฉื‘ื›ืœ ืื—ืช ืžื”ืŸ ืžื™ืฉื•ืจ ื”ืคื•ืงื•ืก ื ืžืฆื ื‘ืขื•ืžืง ืžืขื˜ ืฉื•ื ื” ื•ืื™ื—ื•ื“ืŸ ืœืชืžื•ื ื” ืื—ืช ื‘ืขืœืช ืขื•ืžืง ืฉื“ื” ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื›ืœื•ืžืจ ื—ืœืง ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžื”ืชืžื•ื ื” ื ืžืฆื ื‘ืคื•ืงื•ืก.

ื‘ืกืคืจ "ืขื™ื‘ื•ื“ ืชืžื•ื ื” ื‘ืคื•ื˜ื•ืฉื•ืค" ื›ืชื‘ื ื• ืคืจืง ืงืฆืจ ื”ืžืกื‘ื™ืจ ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืœื‘ืฆืข ืืช ื”ืชืขืœื•ืœ ื”ื–ื” ื‘-Photoshop CS5. ื‘ืžืืžืจ ืฉืœืคื ื™ื›ื ื ื—ื–ื•ืจ ืขืœ ื”ืžืชื›ื•ืŸ ืฉืชื™ืืจื ื• ื‘ืกืคืจ, ื•ื’ื ื ืจื—ื™ื‘ ืžืขื˜ ืขืœ ื”ืฉื™ื˜ื”, ื”ืžื˜ืจื•ืช, ื•ื”ื™ืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœื”.

ืชืžื•ื ื” 1: ืฆื™ืœื•ื ืžืืงืจื• ืฉืœ ืขื˜ ื›ื“ื•ืจื™, ื‘ื”ื’ื“ืœื” ืฉืœ 4:1. ื”ืขืจืžืช ืคื•ืงื•ืก ืž-9 ืชืžื•ื ื•ืช (ืฆื™ืœื•ื: ืชื•ืžืจ ื™ืคื”)

ืฆื™ื™ื ื• ืฉื”ืขืจืžืช ื”ืคื•ืงื•ืก ืžืฉืžืฉืช ืœื”ื’ื“ืœืช ืขื•ืžืง ื”ืฉื“ื” ื‘ืชืžื•ื ื”, ืœื›ืŸ ื“ื‘ืจ ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ื›ื“ืื™ ืฉื ื‘ื™ืŸ:

ืžื”ื• ื‘ืขืฆื ืขื•ืžืง ืฉื“ื”?

ื›ืœ ืฆืœื ื™ื•ื“ืข ืืช ื—ืฉื™ื‘ื•ืชื” ื”ืจื‘ื” ืฉืœ ื ืงื•ื“ืช ื”ืคื•ืงื•ืก, ืื‘ืœ ืžื” ืฉืœื ื›ื•ืœื ื™ื•ื“ืขื™ื ื”ื•ื ืฉืœืžืขืฉื” ื”ืคื•ืงื•ืก ื›ืœืœ ืœื ืžืชื‘ืฆืข ืขืœ ื ืงื•ื“ื”, ืืœื ืขืœ ื›ืœ ื”ืžื™ืฉื•ืจ ืฉื ืžืฆื ื‘ืžืจื—ืง ื ืชื•ืŸ ืžื”ืžืฆืœืžื”, ืื•ืชื• ืžืจื—ืง ืฉืจืฉื•ื ืœื™ื“ ื˜ื‘ืขืช ื”ืคื•ืงื•ืก ืฉืœ ื”ืขื“ืฉื” (ื›ืŸ, ื–ื” ื”ื–ืžืŸ ืœื”ื™ื–ื›ืจ ื‘ืฉื™ืขื•ืจื™ ื”ื’ื™ืื•ืžื˜ืจื™ื”…). ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ืขื ื™ื™ืŸ ื˜ื•ื‘ ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื›ื“ืื™ ืœื“ืžื™ื™ืŸ ืฉื”ืขื•ืœื ืคืจื•ืก ืœื”ืจื‘ื” ืคืจื•ืกื•ืช ื“ืงื•ืช, ืฉื”ื•ืœื›ื•ืช ื•ืžืชืจื—ืงื•ืช ืžื”ืžืฆืœืžื” ื•ืขื“ ืœืื™ื ืกื•ืฃ. ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ืฉืื ื—ื ื• ืžืคืงืกื™ื, ืื ื—ื ื• ื‘ืขืฆื ื‘ื•ื—ืจื™ื ืื™ื–ื• ืžื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืคืจื•ืกื•ืช ืžืขื ื™ื™ื ืช ืื•ืชื ื•. ืื‘ืœ ื›ืžื” ืคืจื•ืกื•ืช ื ื•ืกืคื•ืช ื™ื”ื™ื• ื‘ืคื•ืงื•ืก ืžืœื‘ื“ ื”ืคืจื•ืกื” ืฉื‘ื—ืจื ื•? ื”ืชืฉื•ื‘ื” ืœืฉืืœื” ื–ื• ืžื’ื“ื™ืจื” ืืช ืขื•ืžืง ื”ืฉื“ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืชืžื•ื ื”. ื›ืœื•ืžืจ, ืœืื™ื–ื” ืžืจื—ืง ืžืžื™ืฉื•ืจ ื”ืคื•ืงื•ืก ืื•ืชื• ื‘ื—ืจื ื• ื”ืชืžื•ื ื” ืชืฉืืจ ื‘ืคื•ืงื•ืก, ื•ื‘ืื™ื–ื” ืฉืœื‘ ื”ื™ื ืชืฆื ืžืคื•ืงื•ืก ื•ืชืชื—ื™ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื˜ื•ืฉื˜ืฉืช.

ืขื•ืžืง ื”ืฉื“ื” ื ืงื‘ืข ืœืคื™ ืฉืœื•ืฉื” ืคืจืžื˜ืจื™ื ื‘ืขื“ืฉื”:

  1. ื”ืฆืžืฆื – ื›ื›ืœ ืฉื”ื•ื ืงื˜ืŸ ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื›ืš ืขื•ืžืง ื”ืฉื“ื” ื’ื“ืœ, ื•ืœื”ืคืš (ื“ื•ื’ืžื).
  2. ืื•ืจืš ื”ืžื•ืงื“ – ื›ื›ืœ ืฉื”ื•ื ืงื˜ืŸ ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื›ืš ืขื•ืžืง ื”ืฉื“ื” ื’ื“ืœ, ื•ืœื”ืคืš (ืจืื” ืชืžื•ื ื•ืช 2,3).
  3. ืžืจื—ืง ื”ืคื•ืงื•ืก – ื›ื›ืœ ืฉื”ื•ื ืงื˜ืŸ ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื›ืš ืขื•ืžืง ื”ืฉื“ื” ืงื˜ืŸ, ื•ืœื”ืคืš.

ื”ื ื•ืกื—ื ื”ืžืชืžื˜ื™ืช ืขืฆืžื” ื”ื™ื ืžื•ืจื›ื‘ืช ื•ืœื ื ื‘ื™ื ืื•ืชื” ื›ืืŸ, ืื‘ืœ ืœืžื™ ืฉืจื•ืฆื” ืœื—ืฉื‘ ื‘ืžื“ื•ื™ืง ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืžืฆื•ื ื‘ืจืฉืช ืžื—ืฉื‘ื•ื ื™ ืขื•ืžืง ืฉื“ื” ืจื‘ื™ื, ื›ืžื• ื–ื” ืœื“ื•ื’ืžื.

ืชืžื•ื ื” 2: ื“ื•ื’ืžื ืœื”ืฉืคืขืช ืื•ืจืš ื”ืžื•ืงื“ ืขืœ ืขื•ืžืง ื”ืฉื“ื” – ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืื•ืจืš ืžื•ืงื“ ืืจื•ืš ื‘ืŸ 200 ืž"ืž ืžืกืคืง ืขื•ืžืง ืฉื“ื” ืงื˜ืŸ ื‘ืŸ 10 ืก"ืž ื‘ืœื‘ื“ (ืฆื™ืœื•ื: ืชื•ืžืจ ื™ืคื”)

ืชืžื•ื ื” 3: ื“ื•ื’ืžื ืœื”ืฉืคืขืช ืื•ืจืš ื”ืžื•ืงื“ ืขืœ ืขื•ืžืง ื”ืฉื“ื” – ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืื•ืจืš ืžื•ืงื“ ืงืฆืจ ื‘ืŸ 11 ืž"ืž ืžืกืคืง ืขื•ืžืง ืฉื“ื” ื’ื“ื•ืœ (ื›ืžืขื˜ ืื™ื ืกื•ืคื™). ื”ืฆืžืฆื ื–ื”ื” ืœืชืžื•ื ื” 2 – f/2.8 ื•ืžืจื—ืง ื”ืžื™ืงื•ื“ ื“ื•ืžื” (ืฆื™ืœื•ื: ืชื•ืžืจ ื™ืคื”)


ื‘ืฆื™ืœื•ื ืžืืงืจื•, ื™ืฉ ืœื ื• ืฉื™ืœื•ื‘ ืฉืœ ืžืจื—ืง ืžื™ืงื•ื“ ืงื˜ืŸ ืžืื•ื“, ืขื ืื•ืจืš ืžื•ืงื“ ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื™ื—ืกื™ืช. ื”ืชื•ืฆืื” ื”ื™ื ืขื•ืžืง ืฉื“ื” ืงื˜ืŸ ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืงื™ืฆื•ื ื™ืช. ืœื”ืžื—ืฉื”, ื ื ื™ื— ืฉืื ื—ื ื• ืžืฆืœืžื™ื ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ืžืฆืœืžืช ืจืคืœืงืก ื‘ืขืœืช ื—ื™ื™ืฉืŸ APS-C (ื“ื•ื’ืžืช ื”-D90 ืฉืœ ื ื™ืงื•ืŸ), ืขื“ืฉืช ืžืืงืจื• 105mm, ืžืžืจื—ืง ื”ืžื™ืงื•ื“ ื”ืžื™ื ื™ืžืืœื™ ื”ืขื•ืžื“ ืขืœ 30 ืก"ืž, ื•ื‘ืฆืžืฆื f/8. ืื ื ื›ื ื™ืก ืืช ื”ื ืชื•ื ื™ื ืœืžื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ื ื’ืœื” ื›ื™ ืขื•ืžืง ื”ืฉื“ื” ื”ื›ื•ืœืœ ื”ื•ื 0.17 ืก"ืž, ื›ืœื•ืžืจ ืคื—ื•ืช ืžืฉื ื™ ืžื™ืœืžื˜ืจื™ื! ืขื•ืžืง ืฉื“ื” ืจื“ื•ื“ ืฉื›ื–ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืกืคืง ืชืžื•ื ื•ืช ืžืื•ื“ ืžืขื ื™ื™ื ื•ืช ื•ื™ืคื•ืช ืฉื‘ื”ืŸ ืจืง ื—ืœืง ืงื˜ืŸ ืžื”ื ื•ืฉื ื ืžืฆื ื‘ืคื•ืงื•ืก, ืื‘ืœ ืžื” ืื ืื ื—ื ื• ืžืขื•ื ื™ื™ื ื™ื ืฉื›ืœ ื”ืื•ื‘ื™ื™ืงื˜ ื™ื”ื™ื” ื‘ืคื•ืงื•ืก? ื‘ืžืงืจื” ื›ื–ื” ืื ื• ื‘ื‘ืขื™ื”.

ืชืžื•ื ื” 4: ืขื“ืฉืช 35 ืž"ืž ืžื—ื•ื‘ืจืช ื”ืคื•ืš ืœืขื“ืฉืช ืžืืงืจื• 105 ืž"ืž ืฉืœ ื ื™ืงื•ืŸ, ืžื›ืคื™ืœื” ืคื™ 4 ืืช ื™ื—ืก ื”ื’ื“ืœืช ื”ืžืืงืจื•. ืžืกื™ืœืช ืžืืงืจื• ืžืืคืฉืจืช ืฉื™ื ื•ื™ ืขื“ื™ืŸ ืฉืœ ืžืจื—ืง ื”ืคื•ืงื•ืก (ืฆื™ืœื•ื: ืชื•ืžืจ ื™ืคื”)

ื”ืคืชืจื•ืŸ ื”ืžืงื•ื‘ืœ ื”ื•ื ืœืฉื ื•ืช ื’ื ืืช ื”ืคืจืžื˜ืจ ื”ืฉืœื™ืฉื™ ืื•ืชื• ื”ื–ื›ืจื ื• โ€“ ื”ืฆืžืฆื. ื›ื›ืœ ืฉื ืกื’ื•ืจ ืืช ื”ืฆืžืฆื ื ื’ื“ื™ืœ ืืช ืขื•ืžืง ื”ืฉื“ื”, ื•ืื›ืŸ ืืคืฉืจ ืœืจืื•ืช ื‘ื“ื•ื’ืžื ืขื ื”-D90 ืื•ืชื” ืคื™ืจื˜ื ื• ืœืžืขืœื” ื›ื™ ืื ื ืกื’ื•ืจ ืืช ื”ืฆืžืฆื ืขื“ ืœ-f/32 ืœืžืฉืœ, ืขื•ืžืง ื”ืฉื“ื” ื™ื’ื“ืœ ืœ-68 ืž"ืž, ื‘ื“ื™ื•ืง ืคื™ 4. ืžืฆื•ื™ืŸ, ืื– ืื•ืœื™ ืฆื™ืœื•ื ืžืืงืจื• ื‘ืฆืžืฆื f/32 ืคื•ืชืจ ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช? ืœื ืžืžืฉ, ื•ื™ืฉ ืœื›ืš ืžืกืคืจ ืกื™ื‘ื•ืช:

  1. ืคื’ื™ืขื” ื‘ื—ื“ื•ืช โ€“ ื›ื›ืœ ืฉื”ืฆืžืฆื ืงื˜ืŸ ื™ื•ืชืจ ื›ืš ื”ื—ื“ื•ืช ื™ื•ืจื“ืช ื‘ื’ืœืœ ืชื•ืคืขื” ืื•ืคื˜ื™ืช ื”ืžื›ื•ื ื” "ืขืงื™ืคื”" ืื• Diffraction ื‘ืœืขื– (ื”ื—ืœ ืžืฆืžืฆื f/16 ืœืขืจืš).
  2. ื”ืคืจื“ื” ืžื”ืจืงืข – ืœืคืขืžื™ื ืื ื—ื ื• ืจื•ืฆื™ื ืฉื”ืื•ื‘ื™ื™ืงื˜ ื™ื”ื™ื” ื›ื•ืœื• ื‘ืคื•ืงื•ืก, ืื‘ืœ ื”ืจืงืข ื™ืฉืืจ ืžื˜ื•ืฉื˜ืฉ ื•ื—ืœืง. ืฆืžืฆื ืงื˜ืŸ ืžืื•ื“ ืขืœื•ืœ ืœืงืœืงืœ ืืช ื˜ืฉื˜ื•ืฉ ื”ืจืงืข.
  3. ืืคื™ืœื• ื–ื” ืœื ืžืกืคื™ืง – ื•ื”ืกื™ื‘ื” ื”ืžืจื›ื–ื™ืช, ืœืคืขืžื™ื ืืคื™ืœื• ื”ืฆืžืฆื ื”ืงื˜ืŸ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืื™ื ื• ืžืกืคื™ืง ืœื”ืฉื’ืช ืขื•ืžืง ื”ืฉื“ื” ื”ืจืฆื•ื™ . ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื‘ืฆื™ืœื•ื ืžืืงืจื• ื‘ื”ื’ื“ืœื” ืฉืžืขื‘ืจ ืœ-1:1, ืขื•ืžืง ื”ืฉื“ื” ื›ื” ืงื˜ืŸ ืขื“ ืฉื’ื ื”ืฆืžืฆื ื”ืกื’ื•ืจ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื™ื›ืกื” ืจืง ื—ืœืง ืงื˜ืŸ ืžื”ืื•ื‘ื™ื™ืงื˜.

ื‘ื“ื™ื•ืง ืžื”ืกื™ื‘ื•ืช ื”ืœืœื• ืคื•ืชื—ื” ื”ื˜ื›ื ื™ืงื” ื”ืžื›ื•ื ื” "ื”ืขืจืžืช ืคื•ืงื•ืก", ื”ืžืืคืฉืจืช ืœื ื• ืœื”ื’ื“ื™ืœ ืืช ืขื•ืžืง ื”ืฉื“ื” ื›ื›ืœ ืฉื ืจืฆื”, ื•ื–ืืช ืœืœื ืคื’ื™ืขื” ื‘ื—ื“ื•ืช.

ื›ืืžื•ืจ ื”ืฉื™ื˜ื” ืžืฉืžืฉืช ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ื‘ืฆื™ืœื•ื ืžืืงืจื•, ืื‘ืœ ื ื™ืชืŸ ื‘ื”ื—ืœื˜ ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ื” ื’ื ืœืฆื™ืœื•ื ื—ืคืฆื™ื ื’ื“ื•ืœื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ (ืœืžืฉืœ ืชื›ืฉื™ื˜ื™ื, ืื• ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื), ื›ืืฉืจ ืจื•ืฆื™ื ืฉื›ืœ ื”ืื•ื‘ื™ื™ืงื˜ ื™ื”ื™ื” ื‘ืคื•ืงื•ืก ืžืœื, ื•ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ื—ื“ื•ืช ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื” ื‘ืขื–ืจืช ืฆืžืฆื ืื•ืคื˜ื™ืžืืœื™ (ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ f/8 – f/11). ื‘ืฆื™ืœื•ื ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืœืชื•ืฆืื•ืช ืœื ืคื—ื•ืช ืื™ื›ื•ืชื™ื•ืช ืžืืœื• ื”ืžืชืงื‘ืœื•ืช ืชื•ืš ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืขื“ืฉื•ืช Tilt/Shift ื™ืงืจื•ืช, ื•ืขื ื’ืžื™ืฉื•ืช ืจื‘ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ (ืื ื›ื™ ืชื”ืœื™ืš ื”ืฆื™ืœื•ื ืืจื•ืš ื™ื•ืชืจ).

ืชืžื•ื ื” 5: ื”ืขืจืžืช ืคื•ืงื•ืก ื”ืžื•ืจื›ื‘ืช ืž-6 ืชืžื•ื ื•ืช. ืฆื™ืœื•ื ื‘ืฆืžืฆื f/11 ืกื™ืคืง ื‘ืžืงืจื” ื–ื” ืืช ื”ืื™ื–ื•ืŸ ื”ืื•ืคื˜ื™ืžืืœื™ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื—ื“ื•ืช ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื” ืœื‘ื™ืŸ ืขื•ืžืง ืฉื“ื” ืžืกืคื™ืง ืœืฆื•ืจืš ื—ืคื™ืคื” ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืฉื›ื‘ื•ืช (ืฆื™ืœื•ื: ืชื•ืžืจ ื™ืคื”)

ืื—ืจื™ ืฉื”ื‘ื ื• ืžื” ื”ื™ืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืขืจืžืช ื”ืคื•ืงื•ืก ื”ื‘ื ื ืจืื” ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืœื‘ืฆืขื” ื‘ืคื•ืขืœ.

ืชื”ืœื™ืš ื”ืฆื™ืœื•ื

ื“ื‘ืจ ืจืืฉื•ืŸ: ื—ื•ื‘ื” ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ื—ืฆื•ื‘ื”, ื•ืจืฆื•ื™ ื—ืฆื•ื‘ื” ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื•ื™ืฆื™ื‘ื”.

ืชื—ื™ืœื” ื ืชืžืงื“ ืขืœ ื—ืœืงื• ื”ืงืจื•ื‘ ืฉืœ ื”ืื•ื‘ื™ื™ืงื˜, ื•ื ืฆืœื ืกื“ืจื” ืฉืœ ืชืžื•ื ื•ืช ื–ื”ื•ืช, ื›ืืฉืจ ื‘ื›ืœ ืื—ืช ืžื”ืŸ ืžื™ืฉื•ืจ ื”ืคื•ืงื•ืก ืžืขื˜ ืจื—ื•ืง ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืื™ืชื ื•, ืขื“ ืฉื ื›ืกื” ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ืื•ื‘ื™ื™ืงื˜. ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืœืขื‘ื•ื“ ื‘ืคื•ืงื•ืก ื™ื“ื ื™ (ืœืžืชืงื“ืžื™ื โ€“ ื‘ื”ื’ื“ืœื” ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื” ืจืฆื•ื™ ืžืื•ื“ ืœืขื‘ื•ื“ ืขื ืžืกื™ืœืช ืžืืงืจื• ืขื“ื™ื ื”, ื•ืœื”ืฉืื™ืจ ืืช ื”ืคื•ืงื•ืก ื‘ืขื“ืฉื” ืงื‘ื•ืข).

ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœืฉื™ื ืœื‘ ืฉืขื•ืžืง ื”ืฉื“ื” ื‘ื›ืœ ืชืžื•ื ื” ื™ื”ื™ื” ืžืกืคื™ืง ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื›ื“ืื™ ืฉืชื™ื•ื•ืฆืจ ื—ืคื™ืคื” ืฉืœ ืื™ื–ื•ืจื™ ื”ืคื•ืงื•ืก ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืชืžื•ื ื•ืช, ื•ืœื ื™ืฉืืจื• "ื—ื•ืจื™ื" ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืกืจ ืคื•ืงื•ืก.

ืื™ืŸ ืฆื•ืจืš ืœืฆืœื ืžืกืคืจ ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืžื“ื™ ืฉืœ ืชืžื•ื ื•ืช, ื–ื” ืขืœื•ืœ ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ื‘ื”ืžืฉืš. ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ื‘ื™ืŸ 3 ืœ-9 ืชืžื•ื ื•ืช ืืžื•ืจื•ืช ืœื”ืกืคื™ืง, ืชืœื•ื™ ื‘ืจืžืช ื”ื”ื’ื“ืœื”. ื›ื›ืœ ืฉื ื•ืกื™ืฃ ืฉื›ื‘ื•ืช ืœืขืจืžื”, ื›ืš ื”ืฉื™ืœื•ื‘ ืฉืœื”ืŸ ืœืื—ืจ ืžื›ืŸ ื‘ืคื•ื˜ื•ืฉื•ืค ืขืœื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื•ืจื›ื‘ ื™ื•ืชืจ, ืœื›ืŸ ืœืžืชื—ื™ืœื™ื ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืœืฆืžืฆื.

ืชืžื•ื ื” 6: ื›ื ื™ืžื•ืช ื‘ื’ื•ื“ืœ 1 ืž"ืž ืฉื•ืชื•ืช ืฆื•ืฃ ืžืคืจื— ืกื’ื•ืœ. ื”ืขืจืžืช ืคื•ืงื•ืก ืž-3 ืชืžื•ื ื•ืช (ืฆื™ืœื•ื: ืชื•ืžืจ ื™ืคื”)

ื‘ื’ืœืœ ืฉืฆื™ืœื•ื ื›ืœ ื”ืชืžื•ื ื•ืช ืœื•ืงื— ื–ืžืŸ ืžืกื•ื™ื™ื, ื”ืฉื™ื˜ื” ืžื™ื•ืขื“ืช ืœืฆื™ืœื•ื ื ื•ืฉืื™ื ืกื˜ื˜ื™ื™ื ื‘ืœื‘ื“. ื‘ื”ื—ืœื˜ ืืคืฉืจื™ ืœืฆืœื ื’ื ื™ืฆื•ืจื™ื ื—ื™ื™ื ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ื—ืจืงื™ื, ื‘ืชื ืื™ ืฉื”ื ืœื ื–ื–ื™ื ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ืฆื™ืœื•ื (ืจืื• ืœื“ื•ื’ืžื ืืช ืฆื™ืœื•ื ื”ื›ื ื™ืžื•ืช – ืชืžื•ื ื” 6).

ืœืฆื•ืจืš ื”ืชืจื’ื•ืœ, ืฆื™ืœืžื ื• ืคืกืœื•ืŸ ืงื˜ืŸ ื•ืฆื”ื•ื‘, ื‘-3 ืฉื›ื‘ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืคื•ืงื•ืก: ื”ืฉื›ื‘ื” ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ื”ื™ื ื”ืงืจื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื•ื‘ื” ื”ืคื•ืงื•ืก ื”ื•ื ืขืœ ืจืืฉ ื”ืคืกืœื•ืŸ. ื”ืฉื ื™ื™ื” ืจื—ื•ืงื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ื•ื‘ื” ื”ืคื•ืงื•ืก ื”ื•ื ืขืœ ืžืจื›ื– ื”ื’ื•ืฃ. ื”ืฉืœื™ืฉื™ืช ื”ื™ื ื”ืจื—ื•ืงื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื•ื‘ื” ื”ืคื•ืงื•ืก ื”ื™ื ื• ืขืœ ื”ื–ื ื‘.

ืœืฆื•ืจืš ื”ื”ืžื—ืฉื”, ื‘ื—ืจื ื• ืœืฆืœื ื‘ืฆืžืฆื ืคืชื•ื— ื”ืžืกืคืง ืขื•ืžืง ืฉื“ื” ืงื˜ืŸ, ื–ืืช ื‘ื›ื“ื™ ืฉื™ื”ื™ื” ืงืœ ืœื”ื‘ื—ื™ืŸ ื‘ืื–ื•ืจ ื”ืคื•ืงื•ืก ื”ื ื‘ื—ืจ. ื‘ืคื•ืขืœ ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ื‘ืฆืžืฆื ืกื’ื•ืจ ื™ื•ืชืจ ื›ื’ื•ืŸ f/8 ืขื“ f/16, ื‘ื›ื“ื™ ืฉืชื”ื™ื” ื—ืคื™ืคืช ืคื•ืงื•ืก ืžืกืคื™ืงื” ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืฉื›ื‘ื•ืช.

ืชืžื•ื ื” 7: ืคืกืœื•ืŸ – ืคื•ืงื•ืก ืขืœ ื”ืจืืฉ (ืฆื™ืœื•ื: ืชื•ืžืจ ื™ืคื”)


ืชืžื•ื ื” 8: ืคืกืœื•ืŸ – ืคื•ืงื•ืก ืขืœ ื”ื‘ื˜ืŸ (ืฆื™ืœื•ื: ืชื•ืžืจ ื™ืคื”)

ืชืžื•ื ื” 9: ืคืกืœื•ืŸ – ืคื•ืงื•ืก ืขืœ ื”ื–ื ื‘ (ืฆื™ืœื•ื: ืชื•ืžืจ ื™ืคื”)


ืืช ืกื“ืจืช ื”ืชืžื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืฆื™ืœืžื ื• ื ืฉืžื•ืจ ื‘ืชื™ืงื™ื™ื” ื ืคืจื“ืช ื‘ืžื—ืฉื‘.

ืืชื ืžื•ื–ืžื ื™ื ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ืชืžื•ื ื•ืช ื”ืžื•ืคื™ืขื•ืช ื›ืืŸ ืœืฆื•ืจืš ืชืจื’ื•ืœ, ืื ื›ื™ ื›ืžื•ื‘ืŸ ืขื“ื™ืฃ ืœืชืจื’ืœ ืœื‘ื“ ื’ื ืืช ืชื”ืœื™ืš ื”ืฆื™ืœื•ื (ื›ืžื• ื›ืŸ ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืœืขื‘ื•ื“ ืขื ืชืžื•ื ื•ืช ื‘ื’ื•ื“ืœ ืžืœื).

ื›ืœ ืฉื ื•ืชืจ ื”ื•ื ืœืฉืœื‘ ืืช ื”ืชืžื•ื ื•ืช ื™ื—ื“ื™ื• ื‘ืคื•ื˜ื•ืฉื•ืค ื•ืœื›ืŸ ื ืฆื™ื’ ื›ืขืช ืืช ื”ืžืชื›ื•ืŸ ืœื™ืฆื™ืจืช "ื”ืขืจืžืช ืคื•ืงื•ืก" ื›ืคื™ ืฉื”ื•ื ืžื•ืคื™ืข ื‘ืกืคืจ (ืœืžืขื•ื ื™ื™ื ื™ื, ืขืžื•ื“ื™ื 196-197):

ื™ืฆื™ืจืช "ื”ืขืจืžืช ืคื•ืงื•ืก" (Focus Stacking) ื‘-Photoshop CS5 – ืœืคื™ ืฉืœื‘ื™ื

  1. Files > Scripts > Load Files into Stack
  2. Browse > (pick images from folder) > Attempt to Automatically Align Source Images > OK
  3. Select > All Layers
  4. Edit > Auto Blend Layers > Stack Images > Seamless Tones and Colors > OK
  5. Layer > Flatten Image

ืกื“ืจืช ื”ืคืขื•ืœื•ืช ืฉื”ื‘ืื ื• ื›ืืŸ ื ื‘ื—ืจื” ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื‘ืžื˜ืจื” ืฉื™ื”ื™ื” ืงืœ ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ืžืžื ื” Action, ื›ืœื•ืžืจ ืœื”ืงืœื™ื˜ ืืช ืกื“ืจืช ื”ืคืขื•ืœื•ืช ื•ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ืคืงื•ื“ื” ืฉืžื‘ืฆืขืช ืื•ืชืŸ ืœื‘ื“, ื•ื›ืš ืœืงืฆืจ ืžืื•ื“ ืืช ื”ืชื”ืœื™ืš ืฉืœ ื™ืฆื™ืจืช ื”ืขืจืžืช ืคื•ืงื•ืก (ื”ืกื‘ืจ ืžืœื ืขืœ ื ื•ืฉื ื™ืฆื™ืจืช Action ื‘ืคื•ื˜ื•ืฉื•ืค ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืงืจื•ื ื‘ืกืคืจ ื‘ืขืžื•ื“ื™ื 202-204).

ื”ื‘ื“ืœื™ ื”ืคื•ืงื•ืก ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืชืžื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืฆื™ืœืžื ื• ื’ื•ืจืžื™ื ืœืขื™ืชื™ื ืœื”ื‘ื“ืœ ื‘ื’ื•ื“ืœ ื”ืื•ื‘ื™ื™ืงื˜ ื‘ืชืžื•ื ื•ืช, ื•ื›ืชื•ืฆืื” ืžื›ืš ื‘ืชืžื•ื ื” ื”ืกื•ืคื™ืช ื”ืžืชืงื‘ืœืช ืžื”ืขืจืžืช ื”ืคื•ืงื•ืก ื™ืชื›ืŸ ื•ืชืจืื• ืืคืงื˜ ืฉืœ "ืžืกื’ืจื•ืช" ื ื•ืกืคื•ืช ื‘ืฆื“ื™ ื”ืชืžื•ื ื”, ืื• ืฉื”ืชืžื•ื ื” ืœื ืชื”ื™ื” ืžืœื‘ื ื™ืช ืœื—ืœื•ื˜ื™ืŸ. ื”ืคืชืจื•ืŸ ื”ื•ื ืคืฉื•ื˜ ืœื‘ืฆืข ื—ื™ืชื•ืš ืžืœื‘ื ื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืชืžื•ื ื” ื‘ืขื–ืจืช ื›ืœื™ ื”-Crop. ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ื”ืคื•ืจืคื•ืจืฆื™ื•ืช ื”ืžืงื•ืจื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืชืžื•ื ื”, ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ื™ื—ืก ืฉืœ 3:2. ื ืžื ืขื ื• ืžื”ื•ืกืคืช ื”-Crop ืœืจืฉื™ืžืช ื”ืฉืœื‘ื™ื ืฉื ืงืœื™ื˜ ื›-Action ื‘ืคื•ื˜ื•ืฉื•ืค, ืžื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉื–ื• ืคืขื•ืœื” ืฉืœื ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืœื‘ืฆืข ืื•ื˜ื•ืžื˜ื™ืช.

ืชืžื•ื ื” 10: ื”ืขืจืžืช ืคื•ืงื•ืก โ€“ ืฉืœื‘ื™ื 1+2 ื‘ืคื•ื˜ื•ืฉื•ืค


ืชืžื•ื ื” 11: ื”ืขืจืžืช ืคื•ืงื•ืก โ€“ ืฉืœื‘ 3 ื‘ืคื•ื˜ื•ืฉื•ืค


ืชืžื•ื ื” 12: ื”ืขืจืžืช ืคื•ืงื•ืก โ€“ ืฉืœื‘ 4 ื‘ืคื•ื˜ื•ืฉื•ืค


ืชืžื•ื ื” 13: ื”ืขืจืžืช ืคื•ืงื•ืก โ€“ ืกื™ื•ื ืฉืœื‘ 4 ื‘ืคื•ื˜ื•ืฉื•ืค


ืชืžื•ื ื” 14: ื”ืขืจืžืช ืคื•ืงื•ืก โ€“ ืœืื—ืจ ืฉืœื‘ 5, ื‘ื™ืฆื•ืข Crop


ืชืžื•ื ื” 15: ื”ืขืจืžืช ืคื•ืงื•ืก โ€“ ื”ืชื•ืฆืื” ื”ืกื•ืคื™ืช


ืืคืฉืจ ืœืจืื•ืช ืฉื‘ืกื™ื•ื ื”ืชื”ืœื™ืš ืงื‘ืœื ื• ืชืžื•ื ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืคืกืœื•ืŸ ืฉื‘ื” ื›ื•ืœื• ืžืฆื•ื™ ื‘ืคื•ืงื•ืก ื•ื‘ื—ื“ื•ืช ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื”, ื•ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ ื”ืจืงืข ื ื•ืชืจ ื—ืœืง ื•ื”ื“ืจื’ืชื™ (ื›ืœื•ืžืจ ืœื ื‘ืคื•ืงื•ืก). ืืช ื”ืชืžื•ื ื” ื”ืกื•ืคื™ืช ื ื™ืชืŸ ื›ืขืช ืœื”ืžืฉื™ืš ืœืขื‘ื“ ื‘ืคื•ื˜ื•ืฉื•ืค, ื›ืžื• ื›ืœ ืชืžื•ื ื” ืื—ืจืช.

 

ื”ืขืจื” ื—ืฉื•ื‘ื”: ื”ืคืขื•ืœื” Auto Blend Layers ื”ื™ื ืžื”ืคืขื•ืœื•ืช ื”ืžื•ืจื›ื‘ื•ืช ื‘ืคื•ื˜ื•ืฉื•ืค ื•ืœื›ืŸ ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœืขื™ืชื™ื ืœืงื—ืช ื–ืžืŸ ื•ืœื“ืจื•ืฉ ืžื”ืžื—ืฉื‘ ืžืฉืื‘ื™ื ืฉืœ ืขื™ื‘ื•ื“ ื•ื–ื™ื›ืจื•ืŸ. ืœื›ืŸ, ืื ืืชื ื ืชืงืœื™ื ื‘ื‘ืขื™ื” ืฉืœ ื—ื•ืกืจ ื–ื™ื›ืจื•ืŸ, ืืคืฉืจ ืœืฆืžืฆื ืืช ืžืกืคืจ ื”ืฉื›ื‘ื•ืช ืฉืžื ืกื™ื ืœืื—ื“, ืื• ืœืขื‘ื•ื“ ืขื ืชืžื•ื ื•ืช ืงื˜ื ื•ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ. ืื ื‘ื›ืœ ื–ืืช ืจื•ืฆื™ื ืœืื—ื“ ืžืกืคืจ ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืฉืœ ืฉื›ื‘ื•ืช ืœืžืจื•ืช ื‘ืขื™ื™ืช ื–ื›ืจื•ืŸ, ืงื™ื™ืžืช ื“ืจืš ืžืขื˜ ืžื•ืจื›ื‘ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื•ื”ื™ื ืœืื—ื“ ืืช ื”ืฉื›ื‘ื•ืช ื‘ื”ื“ืจื’ื”, ื›ืœื•ืžืจ ืœื‘ืฆืข Blend ืœืฉืชื™ ืฉื›ื‘ื•ืช ื‘ืœื‘ื“, ืœื‘ืฆืข Merge ื•ืื– ืœืขืฉื•ืช Blend ืขื ืฉื›ื‘ื” ื ื•ืกืคืช ื•ื›ืš ื”ืœืื”.

ื”ื›ื•ืชื‘ื™ื: ืชื•ืžืจ ื™ืคื” ื•ื“ืงืœ ืžื•ืขืœื, ืžื—ื‘ืจื™ ื”ืกืคืจ "ืขื™ื‘ื•ื“ ืชืžื•ื ื” ื‘-Photoshop".

ื˜ืขืŸ ืขื•ื“ ื›ืชื‘ื•ืช ืงืฉื•ืจื•ืช
ื˜ืขืŸ ืขื•ื“ ื‘ ื’ืจืคื™ืงื”

7 ืชื’ื•ื‘ื•ืช

  1. alonzo12

    08/02/2011 ื‘ 10:53 PM

    ืจื›ืฉืชื™ ืืช ื”ืกืคืจ ืœืคื ื™ ืฉื‘ื•ืข,ืกืคืจ ืžืขื•ืœื” ื•ืžืคื•ืจื˜ ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืงืœื” ืžืื•ื“,ื ื•ื— ืœืžืฉืชืžืฉ ื”ืžืชื—ื™ืœ ื•ื”ืžืชืงื“ื,ืžืกื‘ื™ืจ ื•ืžืฆื™ื’ ืืช ื”ืชืจื’ื™ืœื™ื ื•ื”ื›ืœื™ื ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ื‘ืจื•ืจื”,ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืœื›ืœ ืฆืœื ื‘ืืฉืจ ื”ื•ื.

    ื”ืฉื‘

  2. ื’'ืง ื—ื•ืจื™

    11/02/2011 ื‘ 10:24 AM

    ื”ื›ืชื‘ื” ื”ื›ื™ ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ืขืœ ืฆื™ืœื•ื ืฉืงืจืืชื™ ืžื–ื” ื–ืžืŸ ืจื‘

    ื”ืฉื‘

  3. ืชื•ืžืจ_ื™ืคื”

    11/02/2011 ื‘ 12:21 PM

    ืชื•ื“ื” ืจื‘ื” ื’'ืง ื•ืืœื•ืŸ.

    ืื ื™ ื™ื•ื“ืข ืฉื”ื ื•ืฉื ืฉื”ื‘ืื ื• ื›ืืŸ ืœื“ื•ื’ืžื ื”ื•ื ืžืขื˜ ืžื•ืจื›ื‘, ืื– ืื ื™ืฉ ืฉืืœื•ืช ื›ืœืฉื”ืŸ ื‘ื ื•ืฉื (ืื• ื‘ื›ืœืœ), ืื ื™ ืืฉืžื— ืœืขื ื•ืช

    ื”ืฉื‘

  4. ื™ืคื”

    26/02/2011 ื‘ 10:16 PM

    ื”ืกืคืจ ื ื—ืžื“ ืขื ืชืžื•ื ื•ืช ืžืจื”ื™ื‘ื•ืช ื•ื”ืกื‘ืจื™ื ื˜ื•ื‘ื™ื, ืืš ืื™ื ื™ ืžืกื›ื™ืžื” ืœื›ืชื•ื‘ ืขืœ ื”ื›ืจื™ื›ื” "ืื™ืŸ ืฆื•ืจืš ื‘ื™ื“ืข ืžื•ืงื“ื". ืืžื ื ื”ื”ืกื‘ืจื™ื ื™ืคื™ื, ืืš ืœืžื™ ืฉืื™ืŸ ื™ื“ืข ืžื•ืงื“ื ื‘ื ื•ืฉื ื™ื”ื™ื” ืงืฉื” ืžืื“ ืœื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ื ืืžืจ. ืื ื™ ื ืขื–ืจืชื™ ื‘ื• ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ ืœืฉื™ืขื•ืจื™ื ืคืจื˜ื™ื™ื ืฉืœืงื—ืชื™.

    ื”ืฉื‘

  5. ื™ืคื”

    26/04/2011 ื‘ 7:15 PM

    ื”ืื ืžืชืื™ื ืœืขื‘ื•ื“ ื’ื ืขื photoshop cs4?

    ื”ืฉื‘

  6. ืชื•ืžืจ_ื™ืคื”

    27/04/2011 ื‘ 7:40 PM

    ื›ืŸ, ื”ื—ืœ ืžื’ืจืกืช CS3

    ื”ืฉื‘

  7. ื™ื•ื‘ืœ

    08/12/2011 ื‘ 8:32 PM

    ื™ืฉ ื’ืจืกื” ืฉืœ ื”ืกืคืจ ืœืžืฉืชืžืฉื™ ืžืงื™ื ื˜ื•ืฉ ?

    ื”ืฉื‘

ืœื”ื’ื™ื‘ ืขืœ ื’'ืง ื—ื•ืจื™ ืœื‘ื˜ืœ

ื”ืื™ืžื™ื™ืœ ืœื ื™ื•ืฆื’ ื‘ืืชืจ. ืฉื“ื•ืช ื”ื—ื•ื‘ื” ืžืกื•ืžื ื™ื *