ืจืืฉื™ ืžื’ื–ื™ืŸ ื”ืขืฉื•ืจ ืฉื—ืœืฃ: ืžื—ื™ืจื™ ืžืฆืœืžื•ืช โ€“ ืขืœื™ื•ืช ื•ืžื•ืจื“ื•ืช

ื”ืขืฉื•ืจ ืฉื—ืœืฃ: ืžื—ื™ืจื™ ืžืฆืœืžื•ืช โ€“ ืขืœื™ื•ืช ื•ืžื•ืจื“ื•ืช

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ืื ื• ืคื•ืชื—ื™ื ื”ืขืจื‘ ื‘ืกื“ืจื” ืฉืœ ื›ืชื‘ื•ืช ื‘ื‘ืœื•ื’ ืืฉืจ ื™ืขืกืงื• ื‘ื”ื™ื‘ื˜ื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื ื”ื ื•ื’ืขื™ื ืœืฆื™ืœื•ื ื‘ืขืฉื•ืจ ืฉื—ืœืฃ. ื”ื›ืชื‘ื” ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ื‘ืกื“ืจื” ืขื•ืกืงืช ื‘ืฉื™ื ื•ื™ื™ื ืฉื—ืœื• ื‘ืžื—ื™ืจื™ ื”ืžืฆืœืžื•ืช ื”ืจืคืœืงืกื™ื•ืช ื‘ืขืฉื•ืจ ื”ื—ื•ืœืฃ.

ื‘ืžืฉืš ืขืฉื•ืจื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ื”ื™ื• ืžื—ื™ืจื™ ื”ืžืฆืœืžื•ืช ื”ืจืคืœืงืกื™ื•ืช ืงื‘ื•ืขื™ื ืœืžื“ื™. ื’ื•ืฃ ืื™ื›ื•ืชื™ ืฉืœ ืื—ืช ื”ื™ืฆืจื ื™ื•ืช ื”ืžื•ื‘ื™ืœื•ืช ืขืœื” ืœืจื•ื‘ ืกื›ื•ื ื”ืžืงื‘ื™ืœ ืœื›-1000 ื“ื•ืœืจื™ื (ื”ื™ื• ื›ืžื•ื‘ืŸ ื‘ื›ืœ ื”ืชืงื•ืคื•ืช ืžืฆืœืžื•ืช ื™ืงืจื•ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ ื•ื™ืงืจื•ืช ืคื—ื•ืช ืื‘ืœ ื”ืกื›ื•ื ื”ืžืžื•ืฆืข ืœื’ื•ืฃ ืื™ื›ื•ืชื™ ื ื•ืชืจ ื–ื”ื” ืœืžื“ื™). ืืœื ืฉืขื ืชื—ื™ืœืชื• ืฉืœ ืขื™ื“ืŸ ื”ืฆื™ืœื•ื ื”ื“ื™ื’ื™ื˜ืœื™ ื‘ืจืืฉื™ืช ืฉื ื•ืช ื”-2000 ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ื”ื—ืœื• ืœื”ืฉืชื ื•ืช.

ืขื™ื“ืŸ ื”ืฆื™ืœื•ื ื”ื“ื™ื’ื™ื˜ืœื™ ื”ื‘ื™ื ืขื™ืžื• ืฉื™ื ื•ื™ื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื (ืขืœ ื—ืœืงื ื ืขืžื•ื“ ื‘ื”ืžืฉืš ื”ืกื“ืจื” ื”ื ื•ื›ื—ื™ืช), ื—ืœืงื ื—ื™ื•ื‘ื™ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ, ืื‘ืœ ื‘ืจืืฉื™ืช ืฉื ื•ืช ื”-2000 ื•ืขื ื”ื•ืคืขืช ืžืฆืœืžื•ืช ื”ืจืคืœืงืก ื”ื“ื™ื’ื™ื˜ืœื™ื•ืช ื”ืคื•ืคื•ืœืืจื™ื•ืช ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื•ืช ืงืคืฆื• ืœืคืชืข ืจืžื•ืช ื”ืžื—ื™ืจื™ื ืœื’ื•ืฃ ืžืฆืœืžื” ืื™ื›ื•ืชื™ ืžื›-1000 ื“ื•ืœืจ ืœื’ื•ืฃ ืœ-2000 ื“ื•ืœืจ ื•ืืฃ ืœืžืขืœื” ืžื›ืš.

ืžื—ื™ืจ ื›ื ื™ืกื” ื’ื‘ื•ื” ื”ื•ื ืกื™ืžืŸ ื”ื™ื›ืจ ืฉืœ ื˜ื›ื ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื•ืช ืจื‘ื•ืช ื‘ืจืืฉื™ืช ื“ืจื›ืŸ ื•ืžืฆืœืžื•ืช ื”ืจืคืœืงืก ื”ื“ื™ื’ื˜ืœื™ื•ืช ืœื ื”ื™ื• ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™ื•ืช ื‘ื›ืš. ืœืžืขืฉื” ื’ื ืชื”ืœื™ื›ื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ืฉืขื‘ืจื• ืขืœ ืขื•ืœื ื”ืฆื™ืœื•ื ื”ื“ื™ื’ื™ื˜ืœื™ ื‘ืขืฉื•ืจ ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ืžืื” ื”-21 ื”ื™ื• ืžืงื‘ื™ืœื™ื ื‘ืžื™ื“ื” ืจื‘ื” ืœืžื” ืฉื”ืชืจื—ืฉ ื‘ืชื—ื•ืžื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ื‘ืชืขืฉื™ื™ืช ื”ืืœืงื˜ืจื•ื ื™ืงื”.

ืฉื•ืง ื”ืžืขื‘ื“ื™ื - ืกื’ืžื ื˜ืฆื™ื” ืžื”ื™ืจื” - ื”ืื ื–ื” ืžื” ืฉืฆืคื•ื™ ืœื ื• ื‘ืฉื•ืง ื”ืžืฆืœืžื•ืช ื‘ืขืฉื•ืจ ื”ื ื•ื›ื—ื™?
ืฉื•ืง ื”ืžืขื‘ื“ื™ื - ืกื’ืžื ื˜ืฆื™ื” ืžื”ื™ืจื” - ื”ืื ื–ื” ืžื” ืฉืฆืคื•ื™ ืœื ื• ื‘ืฉื•ืง ื”ืžืฆืœืžื•ืช ื‘ืขืฉื•ืจ ื”ื ื•ื›ื—ื™?

ืื—ืช ื”ืžื’ืžื•ืช ื”ื‘ื•ืœื˜ื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื”ื™ื ื”ืกื’ืžื ื˜ืฆื™ื” (ืื• ื”ืชืžื™ื™ื ื•ืช ืœืงื‘ื•ืฆื•ืช ื•ืชืช ืงื‘ื•ืฆื•ืช). ืฉื•ืง ื”ืฆื™ืœื•ื ื”ื“ื™ื’ื™ื˜ืœื™ ืขื‘ืจ ื‘ืขืฉื•ืจ ื”ืื—ืจื•ืŸ (ื•ืขื•ื“ื ื• ืขื•ื‘ืจ) ืชื”ืœื™ืš ื”ื“ืจื’ืชื™ ื•ืื™ื˜ื™ ืฉืœ ืกื’ืžื ื˜ืฆื™ื”. ืชื”ืœื™ืš ื“ื•ืžื” ืื ื›ื™ ืžื•ืืฅ ื‘ื”ืจื‘ื” ืขื‘ืจื” ื’ื ืชืขืฉื™ื™ืช ื”ืžืขื‘ื“ื™ื. ืื ื ื‘ื—ืŸ ืืช ืจืฆืฃ ื”ืžืขื‘ื“ื™ื ืื•ืชื ื”ืฉื™ืงื” ืœื“ื•ื’ืžื ื—ื‘ืจืช ืื™ื ื˜ืœ ืžืกื•ืฃ ืฉื ื•ืช ื”-90 ื•ืขื“ ื”ื™ื•ื ื ืจืื” ืชื”ืœื™ืš ื”ืชื—ืœืงื•ืช ื•ื”ืชืžื™ื™ื ื•ืช ื‘ื•ืœื˜. ื‘ืกื•ืฃ ืฉื ื•ืช ื”-90 ื”ื—ืœื” ืื™ื ื˜ืœ ืœืฉื•ื•ืง ืืช ืกื“ืจืช ืžืขื‘ื“ื™ ื”ืคื ื˜ื™ื•ื II ืืฉืจ ื›ืœืœื” ืžืกืคืจ ืžืขื‘ื“ื™ื ืฉื•ืœื—ื ื™ื™ื ืืฉืจ ืคืขืœื• ื‘ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ืฉืขื•ืŸ ืฉื‘ื™ืŸ 233 ืžื’ื”-ื”ืจืฅ ื•ืขื“ 450 ืžื’ื”-ื”ืจืฅ ื•ืžืกืคืจ ืžืฆื•ืžืฆื ืฉืœ ืžืขื‘ื“ื™ื ืื™ื˜ื™ื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืžื—ืฉื‘ื™ื ื ื™ื™ื“ื™ื. ื‘ืกืš ื”ื›ื•ืœ ืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ื”ืžืขื‘ื“ื™ื ื”ืฉื•ื ื™ื ื”ื–ืžื™ื ื™ื ืœืจื›ื™ืฉื” ื‘ื›ืœ ื ืงื•ื“ืช ื–ืžืŸ ื‘ืกื•ืฃ ืฉื ื•ืช ื”-90 ื•ื‘ืจืืฉื™ืช ืฉื ื•ืช ื”-2000 ื”ื™ื” ืžืฆื•ืžืฆื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ (ืฉื ื™ื™ื ืขื“ ื—ืžื™ืฉื” ืžืขื‘ื“ื™ื ืœืขืจืš ืื ืœื•ืงื—ื™ื ื‘ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ืจืง ืืช ื”ืžืขื‘ื“ื™ื ื”ืฉื•ืœื—ื ื™ื™ื ืืฉืจ ื”ื™ื•ื• ืืช ื”ืจื•ื‘ ื”ืžื•ื—ืœื˜ ืฉืœ ื”ืžืขื‘ื“ื™ื ื”ื ืžื›ืจื™ื ื‘ืื•ืชื” ืชืงื•ืคื”). ืืœื ืฉื›ื›ืœ ืฉืขื‘ืจื• ื”ืฉื ื™ื ื”ื—ืœื” ืื™ื ื˜ืœ ืœื”ื’ื“ื™ืœ ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื™ ืืช ื”ื™ืฆืข ื”ืžืขื‘ื“ื™ื ืฉืœื”. ื›ืš ื ื•ืœื“ ืœืžืฉืœ ืงื• ืžืขื‘ื“ื™ ื”ืกืœืจื•ืŸ (ื”ืžื•ื—ืœืฉื™ื ื•ื”ื–ื•ืœื™ื) ื•ืžืื•ื—ืจ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืกื“ืจืช ื”ืžืขื‘ื“ื™ื ื”ื ื™ื™ื“ื™ื ื‘ืขืœื™ ืฆืจื™ื›ืช ื—ืฉืžืœ ืžื•ืคื—ืชืช (ื”-ULV ื•ืœืื—ืจื•ื ื” ืกื“ืจืช ืžืขื‘ื“ื™ ื”-ATOM). ืœืžืขืฉื” ื‘ืกื™ื•ื ื”ืขืฉื•ืจ ื”ื™ื” ืœื™ื™ืŸ ื”ืžืขื‘ื“ื™ื ื”ื›ื•ืœืœ ืฉืœ ืื™ื ื˜ืœ ื›ื” ืžื•ืจื›ื‘ ืขื“ ืฉื‘ื›ืœ ื ืงื•ื“ืช ื–ืžืŸ ื”ื™ื• ืœื ืคื—ื•ืช ืž-20 ืงื•ื•ื™ ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ืืฉืจ ื‘ื›ืœ ืื—ื“ ืžื”ื ืขืฉื•ื™ื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืขืฉืจื•ืช ืžืขื‘ื“ื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื. ื’ื ื”ืชืžื—ื•ืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืžืขื‘ื“ื™ื ืขื‘ืจ ืกื’ืžื ื˜ืฆื™ื” ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื™ืช ื•ื›ื™ื•ื ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืžืฆื•ื ืžืขื‘ื“ื™ื ื›ืžืขื˜ ื‘ื›ืœ ื˜ื•ื•ื— ื”ืžื—ื™ืจื™ื ื”ื—ืœ ืžืขืฉืจื•ืช ื“ื•ืœืจื™ื ื•ื›ืœื” ื‘ืืœืคื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื.

ื”ืกื’ืžื ื˜ืฆื™ื” ื‘ืฉื•ืง ื”ืฆื™ืœื•ื ื”ื“ื™ื’ื™ื˜ืœื™ ื˜ืจื ื”ื’ื™ืขื” ืœืจืžื” ื–ื• ื•ืกืคืง ืื ืชื’ื™ืข ื‘ืขืชื™ื“ ื”ืงืจื•ื‘. ื•ื‘ื›ืœ ื–ืืช ื’ื ื‘ืฉื•ืง ื”ืžืฆืœืžื•ืช ื”ืจืคืœืงืกื™ื•ืช ื ื™ื›ืจืช ืžื’ืžื” ื”ื•ืœื›ืช ื•ื’ื•ื‘ืจืช ืฉืœ ื”ืชืžื™ื™ื ื•ืช. ืื ื ื‘ื—ืŸ ืืช ืงื• ื”ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ืฉืœ ื—ื‘ืจืช ื ื™ืงื•ืŸ ืœื“ื•ื’ืžื ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืจืื•ืช ื‘ืงืฆื” ื”ืชื—ืชื•ืŸ ืืช ื”-D3000 ื›ืžืฆืœืžื” ื–ื•ืœื” ืœืฆืœืžื™ื ืžืชื—ื™ืœื™ื ื‘"ืจืžืช ื”ื›ื ื™ืกื”". ืžืขื˜ ืžืขืœื™ื” ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืžืฆื•ื ืืช ื”-D5000 ืืฉืจ ืืฃ ื”ื™ื ื ื—ืฉื‘ืช ืœืžืฆืœืžื” ืจืคืœืงืกื™ืช ื‘ืกื™ืกื™ืช ืื ื›ื™ ืžืชืงื“ืžืช ื™ื•ืชืจ ื•ืžืขืœื™ื” ืืช ื”-D90 ื›ืžืฆืœืžืช ื—ื•ื‘ื‘ื™ื ืžืชืงื“ืžืช. ื‘ืจืืฉ ื”ืคื™ืจืžื™ื“ื” ืฉืœ ืžืฆืœืžื•ืช ื”ืคื•ืจืžื˜ ื”ืœื ืžืœื (ืžืฆืœืžื•ืช ื‘ืขืœื•ืช ื—ื™ื™ืฉื ื™ APS-C) ื ื™ืฆื‘ืช ื”-D300S ืืฉืจ ืจื‘ื™ื ืจื•ืื™ื ื‘ื” ืžืฆืœืžื” "ื—ืฆื™ ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™ืช". ืื ื ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืœืฆื“ ื”ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™ ื ืžืฆื ืืช ื”-D700 ื”ืžื”ื™ืจื” ื•ื”ืงื˜ื ื” (ื™ื—ืกื™ืช) ื•ืžืขืœื™ื” ืืช ื”-D3S ื•ื”-D3X ื›ืžืฆืœืžื•ืช ื”ื“ื’ืœ ื”ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ื—ื‘ืจื”. ืจืื•ื™ ืœืฉื™ื ืœื‘ ื›ื™ ืจืง ื”-D700 (ืืฉืจ ืฆืคื•ื™ื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื•ื—ืœืคืช ื›ื ืจืื” ื‘ืงืจื•ื‘) ืžื”ื•ื•ื” ืชื•ืกืคืช ื—ื“ืฉื” ื™ื—ืกื™ืช (2008) ืืฉืจ ืœื ื”ื—ืœื™ืคื” ืฉื•ื ื“ื’ื ืงื•ื“ื. ื›ืœ ืฉืืจ ื”ืžืฆืœืžื•ืช ื”ืงื™ื™ืžื•ืช ื‘ืœื™ื™ืŸ ืฉืœ ื ื™ืงื•ืŸ ื”ื—ืœื™ืคื• ื“ื’ื ืงื•ื“ื ื›ืœืฉื”ื• ื•ืœืคื™ื›ืš ื”ื™ืงืฃ ื”ื”ืชืžื™ื™ื ื•ืช ื•ื”ื”ืชืคืฆืœื•ืช ื‘ืฉื ื™ื ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื•ืช ืื™ื ื• ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“. ื™ื—ื“ ืขื ื–ืืช ืื ื ื›ื•ื ื•ืช ื”ืฉืžื•ืขื•ืช ื›ื™ ื’ื ื—ื‘ืจืช ื ื™ืงื•ืŸ ืžืชื›ื ื ืช ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ื”ืงืจื•ื‘ ื›ื ื™ืกื” ืœืฉื•ืง ืžืฆืœืžื•ืช ื”ืจืคืœืงืก ื—ืกืจื•ืช ื”ืžืจืื” (ืฉื•ืง ื”ื›ื•ืœืœ ื›ื™ื•ื ืžืฆืœืžื•ืช ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ื”-G1/GH1/GF1 ืฉืœ ืคื ืกื•ื ื™ืง ื•ื”-EP1/EP2 ืฉืœ ืื•ืœื™ืžืคื•ืก) ืื–ื™ ืื ื• ืฆืคื•ื™ื™ื ื‘ืงืจื•ื‘ ืœื”ืชืžื™ื™ื ื•ืช ื ื•ืกืคืช ื•ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื™ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ.

ืื ื ื—ื–ื•ืจ ืœืกื•ื’ื™ื™ืช ื”ืžื—ื™ืจ, ืื ื‘ืจืืฉื™ืช ื”ืขืฉื•ืจ ืžืฆืœืžื” ืจืคืœืงืกื™ืช ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ืขืฉื•ื™ื” ื”ื™ื™ืชื” ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืœ-2000 ื“ื•ืœืจื™ื ื•ืืฃ ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื›ื™ื•ื ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืžืฆื•ื ืžืฆืœืžืช ืจืคืœืงืก ื“ื™ื’ื™ื˜ืœื™ืช ืื™ื›ื•ืชื™ืช (ื“ื•ื’ืžืช ื”-D90) ื‘ืคื—ื•ืช ืž-800 ื“ื•ืœืจ ื•ืžืฆืœืžืช ื—ื•ื‘ื‘ื™ื ื‘ืกื™ืกื™ืช ื‘ื›-500 ื“ื•ืœืจ (ืžื“ืจื’ืช ืžื—ื™ืจ ืฉืœื ื”ื™ื™ืชื” ืงื™ื™ืžืช ืจืง ืœืคื ื™ ืฉื ื™ื ืกืคื•ืจื•ืช ื‘ืชื—ื•ื ื”ืจืคืœืงืก ื”ื“ื™ื’ื™ื˜ืœื™).

ืจืžื•ืช ื”ืžื—ื™ืจื™ื ื”ื ืžื•ื›ื•ืช ื”ืœืœื• ืฉืœ ืžืฆืœืžื•ืช "ื”ื›ื ื™ืกื”" ื”ื•ื‘ื™ืœื• ืœืžื”ืคื›ื” ื ื•ืกืคืช ื‘ื” ื ื“ื•ืŸ ื‘ืื—ืช ืžื›ืชื‘ื•ืช ื”ื”ืžืฉืš ืฉืœ ืกื™ื›ื•ื ื”ืขืฉื•ืจ ื•ื”ื™ื ืžื”ืคื›ืช "ื”ืจืคืœืงืก ืœื”ืžื•ื ื™ื".

ื˜ืขืŸ ืขื•ื“ ื›ืชื‘ื•ืช ืงืฉื•ืจื•ืช
ื˜ืขืŸ ืขื•ื“ ื‘ ืžื’ื–ื™ืŸ

ื›ืชื™ื‘ืช ืชื’ื•ื‘ื”

ื”ืื™ืžื™ื™ืœ ืœื ื™ื•ืฆื’ ื‘ืืชืจ. ืฉื“ื•ืช ื”ื—ื•ื‘ื” ืžืกื•ืžื ื™ื *