ืจืืฉื™ ื‘ื™ืงื•ืจื•ืช\ืกืงื™ืจื•ืช ื‘ื™ืงื•ืจื˜ืจื•: Yashica Lynx 5000E โ€“ ื”ื™ืืฉื™ืงื” ืฉืœ ืื‘ื

ื‘ื™ืงื•ืจื˜ืจื•: Yashica Lynx 5000E โ€“ ื”ื™ืืฉื™ืงื” ืฉืœ ืื‘ื

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ื™ืฉ ื”ืจื‘ื” ืžื” ืœื•ืžืจ ืขืœ ื”ืžืฆืœืžื•ืช ื”ื ืคืœืื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ื—ื‘ืจื” ื”ื™ืคื ื™ืช ื™ืืฉื™ืงื” (Yashica), ืœื ืžืขื˜ ื‘ื–ื›ื•ืช ืกื“ืจืช ื”ืจื™ื™ื ื’'-ืคื™ื™ื ื“ืจ (Rangefinder) ืฉืœื”. ืื‘ืœ ื”ื“ื‘ืจ ืฉื”ื›ื™ ื”ืœื”ื™ื‘ ืื•ืชื™ ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘-Yashica Lynx 5000E, ืœืœื ื›ืœ ืงืฉืจ ืœืื™ื›ื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ื˜ื›ื ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœื”, ื–ื• ื”ืขื•ื‘ื“ื” ืฉื–ื• ื”ืžืฆืœืžื” ื”ื™ืฉื ื” ืฉืœ ืื‘ื ืฉืœื™. ื”ื•ื ืงื ื” ืื•ืชื” ื‘ืชื—ื™ืœืช ืฉื ื•ืช ื”ืฉื‘ืขื™ื, ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ื”ืฉื™ืจื•ืช ื”ืฆื‘ืื™ ื•ื”ื™ื ืฉื™ืจืชื” ืื•ืชื• ื‘ื ืืžื ื•ืช ืจื‘ื” ื‘ืžืฉืš 15 ืฉื ื”. ืืœื• ื”ืฉื ื™ื ืฉื‘ื”ืŸ ืฉื™ืจืช ื‘ืฆื‘ื, ืœืžื“ ื‘ื˜ื›ื ื™ื•ืŸ, ื”ืชื—ืชืŸ ื•ื”ื‘ื™ื ืœืขื•ืœื ืฉื ื™ ื™ืœื“ื™ื. ืื—ืช ืžื”ืกื™ื‘ื•ืช ื”ืขื™ืงืจื™ื•ืช ืœืžืฉื™ื›ื” ืฉื™ืฉ ืœื™ ืœืžืฆืœืžื” ื™ืฉื ื”, ื”ื™ื ื”ืืจื•ืžื” ื”ืžืชื•ืงื” ืฉืœ ื”ื ื•ืกื˜ืœื’ื™ื” ื”ื‘ื•ืงืขืช ืžืžื ื” โ€“ ืžื” ืฉืขื‘ืจ ืขืœ ื”ืžืฆืœืžื” ื‘ืžืฉืš ื”ืฉื ื™ื ื‘ื”ืŸ ืคืขืœื” ื•ื”ื–ื™ื›ืจื•ื ื•ืช ืฉื—ืœืคื• ื“ืจืš ื”ืขื“ืฉื”.

ืžืกืคืจ ืชืžื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืฆื•ืœืžื• ื‘ื™ืืฉื™ืงื” ืฉืœ ืื‘ื ื‘ืžื“ื‘ืจ ืกื™ื ื™ ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ืžืœื—ืžื” ื‘-1973 (ืฆื™ืœื•ืžื™ื: ืจื•ื ื™ ื‘ืจืžืŸ):

ื”-Yashica Lynx 5000E ืฉืœ ืื‘ื ื”ื™ื ืžืฆืœืžืช Rangefinder, ื•ืื ื™ ืžืืžื™ืŸ ืฉื–ื” ื”ืžืงื•ื ืœืชืืจ ื‘ืงืฆืจื” ืืช ื”ื”ื‘ื“ืœื™ื ื‘ื™ืŸ ืžืฆืœืžื•ืช SLR ืœ-Rangefinder. ื‘ืขื™ืงืจื•ืŸ, ื”ื˜ื›ื ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื” ืฉื‘ื”ืŸ ื‘ื ื•ื™ื•ืช ืžืฆืœืžื•ืช ืžืชื—ืœืงืช ืœืฉืชื™ ืงื‘ื•ืฆื•ืช ืขื™ืงืจื™ื•ืช, ื‘ื”ืชืื ืœื“ืจืš ืฉื‘ื” ื”ืžืฆืœืžื” ืžืฉืงืคืช ืœืฆืœื ืืช ื”ื ื•ืฃ ืฉืœืคื ื™ื”. ื”-SLR (ืื• Single Lens Reflex) ื”ืŸ ืžืฆืœืžื•ืช ืฉื‘ื”ืŸ ืžื•ืชืงื ืช ืžืื—ื•ืจื™ ื”ืขื“ืฉื” ืžืจืื” ืคื ื™ืžื™ืช ืงืคื™ืฆื™ืช, ื›ืš ืฉื”ืื•ืจ ื”ื—ื•ื“ืจ ื“ืจืš ื”ืขื“ืฉื” ืคื•ื’ืข ื‘ืžืจืื” ื•ืžื’ื™ืข ืืœ ื”ืขื™ื ื™ืช (Through the lens view). ื‘ื“ืจืš ื–ื• ื”ืฆืœื ืจื•ืื” ืืช ื ืงื•ื“ืช ื”ืžื‘ื˜ ืฉืœ ื”ืขื“ืฉื” ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ื”ืžื“ื•ื™ืงืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื•ื”ื•ื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื›ื•ื•ืŸ ืืช ื”ืงื•ืžืคื•ื–ื™ืฆื™ื” ื‘ื ื•ื—ื•ืช ืžืงืกื™ืžืืœื™ืช. ืฉื™ื˜ื” ื–ื• ื’ื ื ื•ื—ื” ืžืื•ื“ ืœืžื™ืงื•ื“. ื”ื—ืกืจื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžืฆืœืžื•ืช SLR ื”ื•ื ื”ืžื ื’ื ื•ืŸ ื”ืžืกื•ืจื‘ืœ ืฉืœ ื”ืžืจืื” ื”ืงืคื™ืฆื™ืช, ืฉื“ื•ืจืฉ ื—ืœืœ ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ื’ื•ืฃ ื”ืžืฆืœืžื”, ื•ื›ืŸ ื”ืงืคื™ืฆื” ืฉืœ ื”ืžืจืื” ื‘ืจื’ืข ืฉื‘ื• ืžืฆื•ืœืžืช ื”ืชืžื•ื ื”, ืžื” ืฉืขืœื•ืœ ืœื”ื–ื™ื– ืืช ื”ืžืฆืœืžื” ืฉืœื ืœืฆื•ืจืš. ื›ืžื•ื‘ืŸ ืฉืจื•ื‘ ืžืฆืœืžื•ืช ื”-SLR ื”ืŸ ื‘ืขืœื•ืช ืžื ื’ื ื•ื ื™ ืจื™ื›ื•ืš ื”ืžืฉื›ื›ื™ื ืืช ื”ื•ื•ื™ื‘ืจืฆื™ื” ืฉืœ ืงืคื™ืฆืช ื”ืžืจืื”.

ื”ืงื‘ื•ืฆื” ื”ืฉื ื™ื™ื” ื”ื™ื ืฉืœ ืžืฆืœืžื•ืช ื”-Rangefinder. ื‘ืžืฆืœืžื•ืช ืืœื• ื™ืฉื ื ืฉื ื™ ื—ืœื•ื ื•ืช ื‘ื’ื•ืฃ ื”ืžืฆืœืžื” (ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ ืœืขื“ืฉื”) ืืฉืจ ื“ืจื›ื ื—ื•ื“ืจ ื”ืื•ืจ. ืžื ื’ื ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ืžืจืื•ืช ืงื˜ื ื•ืช ืฉืžืคืฆืœื•ืช ืืช ื”ืื•ืจ, ื™ื•ืฆืจ ื‘ืขื™ื ื™ืช ื‘ื‘ื•ืื” ื›ืคื•ืœื”, ืื•ืชื” ื”ืฆืœื ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืื—ื“ ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ื˜ื‘ืขืช ื”ืคื•ืงื•ืก ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืœื”ืฉื™ื’ ืืช ื”ืžืจื—ืง ื”ื ื›ื•ืŸ ืœืฆื™ืœื•ื ื”ืชืžื•ื ื”. ืœืžื ื’ื ื•ืŸ ื”-Rangefinder ื™ืฉ ื™ืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื•ื—ืกืจื•ื ื•ืช ื‘ื™ื—ืก ืœืžืฆืœืžื•ืช ื”-SLR. ื”ื—ื™ืกืจื•ืŸ ื”ืขื™ืงืจื™ ื”ื•ื ืฉื”ืชืžื•ื ื” ื”ื ืจืื™ืช ื‘ืขื™ื ื™ืช ืื™ื ื” ื‘ื“ื™ื•ืง ื”ืชืžื•ื ื” ื”ืžืชืงื‘ืœืช ื“ืจืš ื”ืขื“ืฉื”, ืžื” ืฉืขืœื•ืœ ืœืคื’ื•ื ื‘ืงื•ืžืคื•ื–ื™ืฆื™ื”, ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ื‘ืฆื™ืœื•ื ืžื˜ื•ื•ื— ืงืจื•ื‘. ืžืฆืœืžื•ืช ื”- Rangefinder ื’ื ืžื•ื’ื‘ืœื•ืช ื‘ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ืขื ืขื“ืฉื•ืช ื‘ืขืœื•ืช ืื•ืจืš ืžื•ืงื“ ืืจื•ืš ื•ืขื“ืฉื•ืช ืžืืงืจื•. ืœืขื•ืžืช ื–ืืช ื”ืŸ ืงื˜ื ื•ืช ื•ืงื•ืžืคืงื˜ื™ื•ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื•ื”ื›ื™ ื—ืฉื•ื‘, ืžื•ืฆื™ืื•ืช ืืช ื”ืžื™ื˜ื‘ ืžืขื“ืฉื•ืช ืจื—ื‘ื•ืช ื•ืžืขื“ืฉื•ืช ื‘ื˜ื•ื•ื—ื™ื ืจื’ื™ืœื™ื ื•ื–ืืช ืžืฉื•ื ืฉื”ืžืจื—ืง ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืขื“ืฉื” ื•ื”ืคื™ืœื (ืื• ื”ื—ื™ื™ืฉืŸ ื‘ืžืฆืœืžื•ืช Rangefinder ื“ื™ื’ื™ื˜ืœื™ื•ืช) ืงื˜ืŸ ื™ื•ืชืจ. ืžืกื™ื‘ื•ืช ืืœื• ื‘ื“ื™ื•ืง ืžืฆืœืžื•ืช ื”-Rangefinder ื”ืŸ ื‘ื—ื™ืจื” ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ืœืฆื™ืœื•ื ื“ื•ืงื•ืžื ื˜ืจื™ (ืฆื™ืœื•ื ืจื—ื•ื‘, ืœืžืฉืœ) ื•ื”ืŸ ื ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืช ืœืžืฆืœืžื•ืช ื—ื•ื‘ื‘ื™ื ืื•ืœื˜ื™ืžื˜ื™ื‘ื™ื•ืช ืœื˜ื™ื•ืœื™ื.

ื™ืฉื ื” ื’ื ืงื‘ื•ืฆื” ืฉืœื™ืฉื™ืช, ืฉืœ ืžืฆืœืžื•ืช ืžื“ื•ืจ ื™ืฉืŸ ื™ื•ืชืจ, ืžืกื•ื’ Viewfinder, ืฉื‘ื”ืŸ ื”ืขื™ื ื™ืช ื”ื™ื ื—ื•ืจ ื”ืฆืฆื” ื‘ืœื‘ื“ ืฉืื™ื ื• ืชืœื•ื™ ื›ืœืœ ื‘ืขื“ืฉื” (ื‘ื“ื•ืžื” ืœืฆืœืžืช ื”-Altix V, ืขืœื™ื” ื›ืชื‘ืชื™ ื‘ืกืงื™ืจื” ื”ืงื•ื“ืžืช). ื”ืคื•ืงื•ืก ื‘ืžืฆืœืžื•ืช ืืœื• ื ืขืฉื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืขืจื›ืช ื”ืžืจื—ืง ื‘ืขื™ืŸ ื•ื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ื˜ื‘ืขืช ื”ืžืจื—ืง ื‘ืขื“ืฉื” ื‘ื”ืชืื. ื”ื—ืกืจื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžืฆืœืžื•ืช ืืœื• ื‘ืจื•ืจื™ื – ืงืฉื” ืœื”ื•ืฆื™ื ืชืžื•ื ื•ืช ื‘ืคื•ืงื•ืก. ืื‘ืœ ื™ืฉ ื’ื ืฉื ื™ ื™ืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื‘ื•ืœื˜ื™ื: 1. ืื™ืŸ ื‘ื”ืŸ ืžื ื’ื ื•ืŸ ืžื›ื ื™ ืจื’ื™ืฉ ืฉื ื•ื˜ื” ืœื”ืชืงืœืงืœ. 2. ื”ืŸ ืžื—ื“ื“ื•ืช ืืช ื—ื•ืฉื™ื• ืฉืœ ื”ืฆืœื ื•ืžืœืžื“ื•ืช ืื•ืชื• ืœื”ืขืจื™ืš ืžืจื—ืง ื‘ืขื™ืŸ.

ื•ื‘ื—ื–ืจื” ืœืขื ื™ื™ื ื ื•: ื™ืืฉื™ืงื” ื™ืฆืื” ืขื ืžืฆืœืžื•ืช ื”-Rangefinder ื‘ืกื“ืจืช ื”-Lynx ื‘ืฉื ืช 1962 ื•ืžื›ืจื” ืื•ืชืŸ ื‘ื›ืžื•ืช ื™ืคื” ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืฉื ื™ื 1966-1971. ื”ืžืฆืœืžื” ืžืฆื•ื™ื“ืช ื‘ืขื“ืฉืช 45mm ืงื‘ื•ืขื” (Yashinon), ื•ื ื—ืฉื‘ื” ืœืžืฆืœืžืช Rangefinder ืžืขื•ืœื”, ืืฉืจ ื ืžื›ืจื” ื‘ืžื—ื™ืจ ื ื•ื—, ื•ื”ื™ื•ื•ืชื” ืชื—ืœื™ืฃ ืœืžืฆืœืžื•ืช ื”-SLR ื”ื™ืงืจื•ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ (ื›ืžื•ื‘ืŸ ืฉื”ื™ื• ื’ื ืžืฆืœืžื•ืช Rangefinder ื™ืงืจื•ืช ื“ื•ื’ืžืช ืืœื• ืฉืœ Leica ืืฉืจ ืžื—ื™ืจืŸ ืžืจืงื™ืข ืฉื—ืงื™ื). ืœืžืฆืœืžื” ื™ืฉ ืžื“ ืื•ืจ ืคื ื™ืžื™ ืืฉืจ ื ื•ืชืŸ ื—ื™ื•ื•ื™ ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ืžื—ื˜ ืฉืื•ืชื” ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืจืื•ืช ื‘ืชื•ืš ื”ืขื™ื ื™ืช. ื‘ื“ื’ื ืฉืœ ื”-5000E ื™ืฉื ื• ื—ื™ื•ื•ื™ ื ื•ืกืฃ ื”ืžื–ื”ื™ืจ ืืช ื”ืฆืœื ืื ื”ื—ืฉื™ืคื” ื”ื™ื ื‘-Over ืื• Under. ืžื“ ื”ืื•ืจ ืคื•ืขืœ ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ืžืชื— ื—ืฉืžืœื™ ืื•ืชื• ื”ื•ื ืžืงื‘ืœ ืžืฉืชื™ ืกื•ืœืœื•ืช 1.3V ืžื“ื’ื RM640R. ืกื•ืœืœื•ืช ืืœื• ื ื•ื˜ื•ืช ืœื–ืœื•ื’ ืื ืœื ืžื•ืฆื™ืื™ื ืื•ืชืŸ ื›ืฉื”ืžืฆืœืžื” ืื™ื ื” ื‘ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ, ื•ื–ื” ื‘ื“ื™ื•ืง ืžื” ืฉืงืจื” ื‘ืžืฆืœืžื” ืฉืœ ืื‘ื. ืœืฆืขืจื™ ื”ื–ืœื™ื’ื”, ืืฉืจ ืื™ืจืขื” ืœืคื ื™ ืฉื ื™ื ืจื‘ื•ืช, ื—ืœื—ืœื” ืืœ ืชื•ืš ื”ืžื ื’ื ื•ืŸ ื”ืคื ื™ืžื™ ื•ื”ืจืกื” ืื•ืชื• ืœื—ืœื•ื˜ื™ืŸ.

ืชืคืขื•ืœ ื”ืžืฆืœืžื” ื”ื•ื ื‘ืกื™ืกื™ ืœืžื“ื™. ืœืžืขืฉื”, ื›ืœ ื”ืคืจืžื˜ืจื™ื ื ืžืฆืื™ื ืขืœ ื’ื‘ื™ ื”ืขื“ืฉื” ื•ืœื ืขืœ ื’ื•ืฃ ื”ืžืฆืœืžื” โ€“ ืจื’ื™ืฉื•ืช ื”ืคื™ืœื (ASA), ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ื”ืชืจื™ืก (ืฉืžื’ื™ืขื” ืขื“ ืœ-1/1000 ืฉื ื™ื™ื”), ืžืคืชื— ื”ืฆืžืฆื (ื”ืžื’ื™ืข ืขื“ ืœ-f/1.8), ื•ื›ืžื•ื‘ืŸ, ื”ืคื•ืงื•ืก.

ืžืื—ืจ ื•ื”ื™ืืฉื™ืงื” ืฉืœ ืื‘ื ื”ื™ื ืžืฆืœืžื” ืžืฉืคื—ืชื™ืช, ืœืงื—ืชื™ ืื•ืชื” ื›ืฉื™ืฆืืชื™ ืขื ื’ืคืŸ ืœื˜ื™ื™ืœ ื‘ืชืœ-ืื‘ื™ื‘. ื”ืชื•ืฆืื•ืช ืœืคื ื™ื›ื:

ืกืจื˜ื•ืŸ ื”ืžืฆื™ื’ ืืช ื”-Yashica Lynx 5000E

[youtube]http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PYvubi0qgi8[/youtube]

ืœืกื™ื›ื•ื:

ื’ื ื‘ื”ื™ืขื“ืจื• ืฉืœ ืžื“ ื”ืื•ืจ ื”ืคื ื™ืžื™, ื—ื•ื•ื™ื™ืช ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื™ืืฉื™ืงื” ื”ื™ื ื ื”ื“ืจืช. ืžืฆื“ ืื—ื“ ื–ื• ืื™ื ื” ืžืฆืœืžื” ืงืœืช ืžืฉืงืœ, ื›ืคื™ ืฉืžืฆืœืžืช Rangefinder ืฆืจื™ื›ื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช, ืืš ื™ืฉ ืœื” ื ื•ื›ื—ื•ืช ื•ืžืฉืงืœ ืฉืขื•ื–ืจื™ื ื‘ืื—ื™ื–ื” ื”ื ื›ื•ื ื” ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ื”ืฆื™ืœื•ื. ืชืคืขื•ืœ ื›ืœ ื”ืคืจืžื˜ืจื™ื ื“ืจืš ื”ืขื“ืฉื” ื”ื•ื ื ื•ื— ื•ืžืืคืฉืจ ืœืจืื•ืช ืชืžื•ื ืช ืžืฆื‘ ื‘ืจื•ืจื” ืฉืœ ื›ืœ ื”ื’ื•ืจืžื™ื ื‘ืื–ื•ืจ ืื—ื“. ื•ื”ื›ื™ ื—ืฉื•ื‘ื” ื”ืชื•ืฆืื” ื”ื—ืžื” ื•ื”ืฆื‘ืขื•ื ื™ืช ืฉืžืชืงื‘ืœืช ื‘ืกื•ืฃ (ืื ืžืฆืœืžื™ื ื‘ืคื™ืœื ืฆื‘ืขื•ื ื™ ื›ืžื•ื‘ืŸ). ื•ื–ื” ืžื—ื–ื™ืจ ืื•ืชื™ ืœืขื•ื‘ื“ื” ืฉื–ื• ื”ืžืฆืœืžื” ืฉืœ ืื‘ื ืฉืœื™. ืื ื™ ืžืืžื™ืŸ ืฉืžืฆืœืžื” ืขื ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ืžืฉืคื—ืชื™ืช ื”ื™ื ืื•ืฆืจ ื™ืงืจ ืขืจืš, ืœืœื ืฉื•ื ืงืฉืจ ืœืžื—ื™ืจ ืฉืœื” ื‘ืฉื•ืง. ืื ืžืกืชืชืจืช ื‘ืืจื•ืŸ ืฉืœื›ื ืžืฆืœืžื” ื›ื–ื•, ืฉื™ืžืจื• ืขืœื™ื”, ื•ืื ืืชื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื, ืงื—ื• ืื•ืชื” ืœืกื™ื‘ื•ื‘ ืžื“ื™ ืคืขื. ืืชื ื™ื•ื“ืขื™ื, ืœื–ื›ืจ ื”ื™ืžื™ื ื”ื”ื…

ื”ื›ื•ืชื‘: ื™ื ื™ื‘ ื‘ืจืžืŸ โ€“ ื‘ืžืื™ ื•ื™ื•ืฆืจ ืกืจื˜ื™ื. ืื•ื”ื‘ ืžืฆืœืžื•ืช ื•ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ื™ืฉื ื•ืช.

ื˜ืขืŸ ืขื•ื“ ื›ืชื‘ื•ืช ืงืฉื•ืจื•ืช
ื˜ืขืŸ ืขื•ื“ ื‘ ื‘ื™ืงื•ืจื•ืช\ืกืงื™ืจื•ืช

ื›ืชื™ื‘ืช ืชื’ื•ื‘ื”

ื”ืื™ืžื™ื™ืœ ืœื ื™ื•ืฆื’ ื‘ืืชืจ. ืฉื“ื•ืช ื”ื—ื•ื‘ื” ืžืกื•ืžื ื™ื *