ื”ืจื‘ื” ืื ืฉื™ื ืงื•ื ื™ื ืžืฆืœืžื•ืช DSLR ื‘ื™ืžื ื• ื•ื›ื•ืœื ื• ืจื•ืฆื™ื ืœื”ืคื™ืง ืืช ื”ืžืจื‘ ืžื”ืžืฆืœืžื” ื”ื—ื“ืฉื” ืฉืœื ื•. ืื‘ืœ ืœื ืœื—ื™ื ื ืื•ืžืจื™ื "ื›ืœ ื”ื”ืชื—ืœื•ืช ืงืฉื•ืช", ืจืง ื”ื”ืชืžื•ื“ื“ื•ืช ืขื ื›ืœ ื”ืžื•ื ื—ื™ื ื”ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™ื™ื ืฉื™ืฉ ืœืœืžื•ื“ ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœืขื™ืชื™ื ืœื”ืจืื•ืช ืžืกื•ื‘ื›ืช ืœื”ื—ืจื™ื“. ืื•ืœื ืื—ืจื™ ืฉืขื•ื‘ืจื™ื ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ื˜ืจืžื™ื ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื” ื•ืžืชื—ื™ืœื™ื ืœื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ืืช ืฉืœื•ืฉืช ื”ืคืจืžื˜ืจื™ื ืฉืžืฉืคื™ืขื™ื ืขืœ ื”ืชืžื•ื ื” ื”ืกื•ืคื™ืช ืฉืœื ื• (ืฆืžืฆื, ืชืจื™ืก ื•ืจื’ื™ืฉื•ืช/ISO), ื›ืœ ืฉืืจ ื”ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืžืกืชื“ืจื™ื ืžืขืฆืžื. ื”ื™ื•ื ื ืœืžื“ ืขืœ ื”ืคืจืžื˜ืจ ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ โ€“ ื”ืฆืžืฆื.

ืฆืžืฆื, ื›ืคื™ ืฉื ืจืื” ื‘ืขื“ืฉืช 50 ืž"ืž (ืฆื™ืœื•ื: ืขื™ื“ืŸ ืคืจืกืจ)

ืฆืžืฆื, ื›ืคื™ ืฉื ืจืื” ื‘ืขื“ืฉืช 50 ืž"ืž

ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ื˜ื•ื‘ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžื” ื”ื•ื ืฆืžืฆื, ื ื™ื–ื›ืจ ืœืจื’ืข ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืขื•ื‘ื“ืช ื”ืžืฆืœืžื”. ื”ืžืฆืœืžื” ืฉืœื›ื ื”ื™ื ื‘ืขืฆื ืžื›ืฉื™ืจ ืœืœื›ื™ื“ืช ืื•ืจ, ืื•ืจ ืžื•ื—ื–ืจ ืžืŸ ื”ืื•ื‘ื™ื™ืงื˜ ืฉืื•ืชื• ืืชื ืžืฆืœืžื™ื ื•ื ื›ื ืก ืœืขื“ืฉื”. ื”ืฆืžืฆื ื”ื•ื ืืœืžื ื˜ ื‘ืขื“ืฉื” ื”ื™ื•ืฆืจ ืคืชื— (ืœืžืขืฉื” ื—ื•ืจ) ื”ืžืืคืฉืจ ืœื•ื•ืกืช ืืช ื›ืžื•ืช ื”ืื•ืจ ื”ื ื›ื ืก ื“ืจืš ื”ืขื“ืฉื”, ื‘ื“ื•ืžื” ืœืื™ืฉื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ืขื™ืŸ ื”ืื ื•ืฉื™ืช. ื–ื”ื• ื”ื‘ืกื™ืก, ื•ืœื›ืŸ ื ื“ื’ื™ืฉ – ืื ื• ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ืืช ืžื™ืคืชื— ื”ืฆืžืฆื (ื’ื•ื“ืœ ื”ื—ื•ืจ ืื ืชืจืฆื•), ื•ื‘ื›ืš ืœืงื‘ื•ืข ื›ืžื” ืื•ืจ ื™ื›ื ืก ื“ืจืš ื”ืขื“ืฉื”.

ื”ืฆืžืฆื ืžืžื•ืงื ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืขื“ืฉื” ืœื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ื—ื™ื™ืฉืŸ (ืื™ื•ืจ: ืขื™ื“ืŸ ืคืจืกืจ)

ื”ืฆืžืฆื (Aperture) ืžื•ืจื›ื‘ ืžืžืกืคืจ ืœื”ื‘ื™ื ื”ืžื›ืกื™ื ื”ืื—ื“ ืืช ื”ืฉื ื™ ื•ื™ื•ืฆืจื™ื ื˜ื‘ืขืช ื ื™ืชื ืช ืœื”ืชืืžื” (ื“ื™ืืคืจื’ืžื”). ื”ื˜ื‘ืขืช ืื™ื ื ื” ืขื’ื•ืœื” ืœื—ืœื•ื˜ื™ืŸ, ืื‘ืœ ื™ืฆืจื ื™ื•ืช ื”ืขื“ืฉื•ืช ืขื•ืฉื•ืช ืžืืžืฆื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ื›ืš ืฉืชื”ื™ื” ืงืจื•ื‘ื” ื›ื›ืœ ื”ืืคืฉืจ. ื˜ื‘ืขืช ืขื’ื•ืœื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืกืคืงืช ืจืงืข ืžื˜ื•ืฉื˜ืฉ ื‘ืชืžื•ื ื” ืืฉืจ ื”ื™ื ื• ื—ืœืง ื•ื ืขื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ (ืžื›ื•ื ื” ื’ื Bokeh). ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืขืœ ื”ืฆืžืฆื ื›ืขืœ ื“ืœืช ื”ื–ื–ื” ื”ื ืคืชื—ืช ื•ื ืกื’ืจืช ื‘ื”ืชืื ืœื›ืžื•ืช ื”ืื•ืจ ืื•ืชื” ืื ื—ื ื• ืžืขื•ื ื™ื™ื ื™ื ืœื”ื›ื ื™ืก. ืœืฆืžืฆื ื™ืฉ ืชื—ื ื•ืช, ืื• ืกื˜ื•ืคื™ื ื‘ืœืขื– (ื”ืฉื ืžื’ื™ืข ืžื”ืžื•ื ื— โ€“ f-stops). ืชื—ื ื•ืช ืืœื” ื”ืŸ ื ืงื•ื“ื•ืช ืขืฆื™ืจื” ืงื‘ื•ืขื•ืช, ื”ื ืงื‘ืขื•ืช ืขืœ-ื™ื“ื™ ื”ื™ื—ืก ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื•ืจืš ื”ืžื•ืงื“ ืœืงื•ื˜ืจ ืžื™ืคืชื— ื”ืฆืžืฆื, ืœื“ื•ื’ืžื”: ืื ืื•ืจืš ื”ืžื•ืงื“ ื‘ืขื“ืฉื” ืฉืœื™ ื”ื•ื 100 ืž"ืž ื•ืงื•ื˜ืจ ื”ืฆืžืฆื 50 ืž"ืž, ืื– ื”ืฆืžืฆื ืฉืœื™ ื™ื”ื™ื” f/2=100/50. ื•ืžื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืงื•ื˜ืจ ื”ืฆืžืฆื ื‘ืขื“ืฉืช 200 ืž"ืž ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืฉืžื™ืคืชื— ื”ืฆืžืฆื ื™ื”ื™ื” f/2? ื ื›ื•ืŸ, 100 ืž"ืž. ืžื™ืคืชื—ื™ ื”ืฆืžืฆื ื”ืงื‘ื•ืขื™ื ืžืืคืฉืจื™ื ืœื ื• ืœื”ื›ื ื™ืก ื›ืžื•ื™ื•ืช ืงื‘ื•ืขื•ืช ืฉืœ ืื•ืจ ื“ืจืš ืขื“ืฉื•ืช ืฉื•ื ื•ืช.

ื“ื•ื’ืžืื•ืช ืœืžื™ืคืชื—ื™ ืฆืžืฆื ืฉื•ื ื™ื/ืกื˜ื•ืคื™ื (ืฆื™ืœื•ื: ืขื™ื“ืŸ ืคืจืกืจ)

ื“ื•ื’ืžืื•ืช ืœืžื™ืคืชื—ื™ ืฆืžืฆื ืฉื•ื ื™ื/ืกื˜ื•ืคื™ื

ืœื”ืœืŸ ืฉื•ืจื” ืฉืœ ืกื˜ื•ืคื™ื ืœื“ื•ื’ืžื”:

[ws_table id="3"]

ืชื—ื ื•ืช ื”ืฆืžืฆื ืœื ื ืงื‘ืขื• ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืฉืจื™ืจื•ืชื™. ื›ื›ืœ ืฉืžืกืคืจ ื”-f ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื”ืฆืžืฆื ืงื˜ืŸ ื™ื•ืชืจ ื•ืœื”ื™ืคืš. ื›ืœื•ืžืจ ืžื”ืจืฉื™ืžื” ื”ื "ืœ, ื”ืฆืžืฆื ืฉืžื›ื ื™ืก ื”ื›ื™ ื”ืจื‘ื” ืื•ืจ ื”ื•ื f/1, ื›ืืฉืจ ื”f/1.4- ืžื›ื ื™ืก ืžื—ืฆื™ืช ืžื›ืžื•ืช ื”ืื•ืจ ืฉืœื•. ื‘ื™ืŸ ื›ืœ ืฉืชื™ ืชื—ื ื•ืช ืขื•ืงื‘ื•ืช ืงื™ื™ื ื”ืคืจืฉ ืฉืœ ืคื™ ืฉืชื™ื™ื (ืื• ื—ืœืงื™ ืฉืชื™ื™ื) ืื•ืจ. ื‘ืžื™ืœื™ื ืื—ืจื•ืช – ื›ืœ ืชื—ื ื” ืžื›ื ื™ืกื” ืคื™ ืฉืชื™ื™ื (ืื• ืžื—ืฆื™ืช) ืžื›ืžื•ืช ื”ืื•ืจ ืžื”ืชื—ื ื•ืช ื”ืฆืžื•ื“ื•ืช ืœื”.
ืžื›ืืŸ ืืคืฉืจ ืœื”ืกื™ืง ืœืžืฉืœ ืฉ-f/2.8 ืžื›ื ื™ืก ืคื™ ืืจื‘ืข ื™ื•ืชืจ ืื•ืจ ืž-f/5.6, ื•ื›ื•'. ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœืฆื™ื™ืŸ ื›ืžื•ื‘ืŸ ืฉืœื ื›ืœ ืขื“ืฉื” ืžื›ื™ืœื” ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ืฆืžืฆืžื™ื.
ื‘ืขื•ืœื ื”ืฆื™ืœื•ื, ืœื•ืžื“ื™ื ืžื”ืจ ืžืื“ ืฉื”ื’ื•ื“ืœ ื›ืŸ ืงื•ื‘ืข – ื”ืžืกืคืจ ื”ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ื‘ืขื“ืฉื” (ืžืœื‘ื“ ืื•ืจืš ื”ืžื•ืงื“) ื”ื•ื ืžื™ืคืชื— ื”ืฆืžืฆื ื”ืžื™ืจื‘ื™ ืฉืœื”, ืขื“ืฉื” 'ืžื”ื™ืจื”' ื”ื™ื ื›ื–ื• ืฉื™ืฉ ืœื” ืžื™ืคืชื— ืฆืžืฆื ื’ื“ื•ืœ (ื•ืžืืคืฉืจืช ืžืฉืš ื—ืฉื™ืคื” – ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ืชืจื™ืก – ืงืฆืจ ื™ื•ืชืจ), ืื’ื‘, ืจื•ื‘ ืžืฆืœืžื•ืช ื”ืคื•ืงื˜ ื™ื ื•ืขื• ื‘ืžื’ื‘ืœืช ื”ื˜ื•ื•ื— ืฉื‘ื™ืŸ f/2 ืœ-f/8.

ื”ืžื—ืฉืช ื”ืคืจืฉื™ ื’ื•ื“ืœ ื‘ื™ืŸ ืฆืžืฆืžื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื (ืื™ื•ืจ: ืขื™ื“ืŸ ืคืจืกืจ)

ื”ืžื—ืฉืช ื”ืคืจืฉื™ ื’ื•ื“ืœ ื‘ื™ืŸ ืฆืžืฆืžื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื

ื›ืคื™ ืฉืฆื™ื™ื ื•, ื”ืžืกืคืจื™ื ืœื ื ืงื‘ืขื• ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืฉืจื™ืจื•ืชื™, ื•ื‘ืขื–ืจืช ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ืคืฉื•ื˜ ื ื•ื›ืœ ืœื–ื›ื•ืจ ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ืชื—ื ื•ืช ื‘ืœื™ ื‘ืขื™ื”. ื›ืืžื•ืจ, ื‘ื™ืŸ ื›ืœ 2 ืกื˜ื•ืคื™ื ืขื•ืงื‘ื™ื ื ื›ื ืก ืื•ืจ ื‘ื™ื—ืก ืฉืœ ืคื™ ืฉืชื™ื™ื (ืื• ื—ืœืงื™ ืฉืชื™ื™ื). ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื›ื ื™ืก ืคื™ ืฉืชื™ื™ื ืื•ืจ ืื ื—ื ื• ื–ืงื•ืงื™ื ืœืฉื˜ื— ื›ืคื•ืœ, ื›ืœื•ืžืจ ื™ืฉ ืฆื•ืจืš ืœื”ื›ืคื™ืœ ืืช ืงื•ื˜ืจ ื”ืฆืžืฆื ื‘ืฉื•ืจืฉ 2 (ื›ืœื•ืžืจ ื‘-1.4 ื‘ืงื™ืจื•ื‘). ื•ืœื›ืŸ, ื‘ื›ื“ื™ ืœื–ื›ื•ืจ ืืช ืชื—ื ื•ืช ื”ืฆืžืฆื ืืคืฉืจ ืœื–ื›ื•ืจ ื›ื™ ื”ื™ื—ืก ื‘ื™ืŸ ื›ืœ ืชื—ื ื” ืœืชื—ื ื” ื”ื•ื ืžื›ืคืœื” ืื• ื—ืœื•ืงื” ื‘-1.4 (ืื•, ืื ืชืจืฆื• ืœื“ื™ื™ืง, ืžื›ืคืœื” ืื• ื—ืœื•ืงื” ื‘ืฉื•ืจืฉ 2).

ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ ืœื›ืžื•ืช ื”ืื•ืจ, ื”ืฆืžืฆื ืžืฉืคื™ืข ืขืœ ืชื›ื•ื ื•ืช ืื—ืจื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืขื“ืฉื”: ื—ื“ื•ืช ื”ืชืžื•ื ื” ื•ืขื•ืžืง ื”ืฉื“ื”.
ื‘ื›ืชื‘ื” ื”ืงื•ื“ืžืช ื›ื‘ืจ ื”ื–ื›ืจื ื• ืืช ืขื•ืžืง ื”ืฉื“ื” ื•ื›ืชื‘ื ื• ื›ื™:"ืขืงื‘ ื”ืชื›ื•ื ื•ืช ื”ืื•ืคื˜ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืขื“ืฉื•ืช, ืจืง ืขืฆืžื™ื ื‘ื˜ื•ื•ื— ืžืจื—ืงื™ื ืžืฆื•ืžืฆื ืžืŸ ื”ืžืฆืœืžื” ื™ื•ืคื™ืขื• ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ื—ื“ ื•ื‘ืจื•ืจ".

ืขื•ืžืง ืฉื“ื” ื›ืชืœื•ืช ื‘ืžื™ืคืชื— ืฆืžืฆื (ืื ื™ืžืฆื™ื”: ืขื™ื“ืŸ ืคืจืกืจ)

ืื‘ืœ ืžื” ื”ื•ื ื‘ื›ืœืœ ืขื•ืžืง ืฉื“ื”? ื”ืžื•ื ื— ื‘ื ืœืฆื™ื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ืžืจื—ืง ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืขืฆื ื”ืงืจื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืขืฆื ื”ืจื—ื•ืง ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื”ืžื•ืคื™ืข ื‘ืคื•ืงื•ืก ื‘ืชืžื•ื ื”. ืฉื ื™ ื”ื’ื•ืจืžื™ื ื”ืžืฉืคื™ืขื™ื ืขืœ ืขื•ืžืง ื”ืฉื“ื” ื”ื ืžื™ืคืชื— ื”ืฆืžืฆื ื•ื”ืžืจื—ืง ืžื”ืขื“ืฉื”. ืขื•ืžืง ื”ืฉื“ื” ื’ื“ืœ ื›ื›ืœ ืฉืžื™ืคืชื— ื”ืฆืžืฆื ืงื˜ืŸ ื•ืžืกืคืจ ื”-f ื’ื“ืœ (ื›ืคื™ ืฉื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืจืื•ืช ื‘ืื ื™ืžืฆื™ื” ื”ื "ืœ), ื•ืขื•ืžืง ื”ืฉื“ื” ื’ื“ืœ ื›ื›ืœ ืฉื”ืื•ื‘ื™ืงื˜ ืจื—ื•ืง ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžื”ืขื“ืฉื”.

ืืฃ ืขืœ ืคื™ ืฉืขื“ืฉื” ืžืกื•ื’ืœืช ืœื”ืชืžืงื“ ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืžื“ื•ื™ืง ืขืœ ืžืจื—ืง ืื—ื“ ื‘ืœื‘ื“, ื”ื™ืจื™ื“ื” ื‘ื—ื“ื•ืช ื”ื™ื ื”ื“ืจื’ืชื™ืช ืžืฉื ื™ ืฆื™ื“ื™ื• ืฉืœ ืžืจื—ืง ื”ืคื•ืงื•ืก, ื›ืš ืฉืขื•ืžืง ื”ืฉื“ื” ื”ื•ื ืœืžืขืฉื” ื”ื˜ื•ื•ื— ืฉื‘ื• ื”ื™ืจื™ื“ื” ื‘ื—ื“ื•ืช ื”ื™ื ื‘ืœืชื™ ื ืชืคืกืช ื‘ืชืžื•ื ื” (ืžืขื’ืœ ื”ื˜ืฉื˜ื•ืฉ). ื‘ืžืงืจื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื (ื‘ืฆื™ืœื•ื ื ื•ืฃ ืœืžืฉืœ) ืื ื—ื ื• ืขืฉื•ื™ื™ื ืœืจืฆื•ืช ืฉื›ืœ ื”ืชืžื•ื ื” ืชื”ื™ื” ื‘ืคื•ืงื•ืก, ื›ืœื•ืžืจ ืžืชืื™ื ืœื ื• ืขื•ืžืง ืฉื“ื” ืจื—ื‘ (ืื• 'ืขืžื•ืง'), ื•ื‘ืคืขืžื™ื ืื—ืจื•ืช (ื›ืžื• ื‘ืฆื™ืœื•ื ืคื•ืจื˜ืจื˜) ื ืจืฆื” ืขื•ืžืง ืฉื“ื” ืฆืจ (ืื• 'ืจื“ื•ื“') ืฉื™ื“ื’ื™ืฉ ืืช ื”ื ื•ืฉื ืขืœ-ื™ื“ื™ ื˜ืฉื˜ื•ืฉ ื”ืจืงืข.
ืื ื›ืš, ื›ื“ื™ ืœืงื‘ืœ ืจืงืข ืžื˜ื•ืฉื˜ืฉ, ื ืฆืœื ืืช ื”ืื•ื‘ื™ื™ืงื˜ ืฉืœื ื• ืžืงืจื•ื‘, ื ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ืฆืžืฆื ืคืชื•ื—, ื•ื ื“ืื’ ืฉื”ืจืงืข ืจื—ื•ืง ืžืื™ืชื ื• ื›ื›ืœ ื”ื ื™ืชืŸ.

ื”ืฉืคืขื•ืช ืžื™ืคืชื— ื”ืฆืžืฆื ืขืœ ื”ืชืžื•ื ื” (ืฆื™ืœื•ื: ืขื™ื“ืŸ ืคืจืกืจ)

ื”ืฉืคืขืช ื”ืฆืžืฆื ืขืœ ื”ืชืžื•ื ื”

ื’ื ื—ื“ื•ืช ื”ืชืžื•ื ื” ืžืฉืชื ื” ืขื ืฉื™ื ื•ื™ ืชื—ื ื•ืช ื”ืฆืžืฆื. ื”-f-stop ื”ืื•ืคื˜ื™ืžืืœื™ ืžื‘ื—ื™ื ืช ื—ื“ื•ืช ืžืฉืชื ื” ื‘ื™ืŸ ืขื“ืฉื” ืœืขื“ืฉื”, ืื•ืœื ื›ืœืœ ื”ืืฆื‘ืข ื”ื•ื 2 ืกื˜ื•ืคื™ื ืžืขืœ ื”ืžื™ืคืชื— ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ. ืœื“ื•ื’ืžื”: ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืขื“ืฉื” ื‘ืขืœืช ืžื™ืคืชื— ืžืงืกื™ืžืœื™ ืฉืœ f/2.8 ื”ื—ื“ื•ืช ื”ืžืงืกื™ืžืœื™ืช ืชื”ื™ื” ื‘ืื–ื•ืจ f/5.6. ื—ื“ื™ ื”ืขื™ืŸ ืžื‘ื™ื ื™ื›ื ื™ื•ื›ืœื• ืœื”ื‘ื—ื™ืŸ ืฉื”ืคืจื— ื‘ืชืžื•ื ื” ื”ื "ืœ ื—ื“ ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘-f/4 ืžืืฉืจ ื‘-f/36 (ืฉื™ืžื• ืœื‘ ืœืฉืขืจื•ืช ืขืœ ืขืœื™ ื”ื’ื‘ื™ืข).

ื”ืกื™ื‘ื” ืœื›ืš ืฉื”ื—ื“ื•ืช ืื•ืคื˜ื™ืžืœื™ืช ื‘ื˜ื•ื•ื—ื™ ื”ื‘ื™ื ื™ื™ื ื ืขื•ืฆื” ื‘ืขื•ื‘ื“ื” ืฉื‘ืกื˜ื•ืคื™ื ื”ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื™ื (ืžื™ืคืชื—ื™ื ืงื˜ื ื™ื) ื ื•ืฆืจืช ืชื•ืคืขื” ืื•ืคื˜ื™ืช ื”ืžื›ื•ื ื” ื“ื™ืคืจืงืฆื™ื” (ืขืงื™ืคื”), ืœื ื ื™ื›ื ืก ืœืžื•ื ื—ื™ื ืื•ืคื˜ื•-ืคื™ื–ื™ืงืœื™ื ื•ืœื“ื•ืืœื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืื•ืจ, ื•ืจืง ื ื’ื™ื“ ืฉื›ืฉื™ืฉ ืžื™ืคืชื— ืงื˜ืŸ, ื’ืœื™ ื”ืื•ืจ ืคื•ื’ืขื™ื ื‘ืฉืคืช ื”ืฆืžืฆื ื•ืžืชืคื–ืจื™ื ืœืขื‘ืจื• ื”ืฉื ื™, ื›ืชื•ืฆืื” ืžื›ืš ื”ื’ืœ ืžื’ื™ืข ื’ื ืœืื–ื•ืจื™ื ืฉื‘ื”ื ืœืคื™ ื›ืœืœื™ ื”ืื•ืคื˜ื™ืงื” ื”ื’ื™ืื•ืžื˜ืจื™ืช ืœื ืžื’ื™ืขื•ืช ืงืจื ื™ื™ื ื”ื ืขื•ืช ื‘ืงื•ื•ื™ื ื™ืฉืจื™ื. ื‘ืžื™ืœื™ื ืื—ืจื•ืช, ืงืฆืช ืื•ืจ ื–ื•ืœื’ ืœืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ื‘ื—ื™ื™ืฉืŸ ืฉื”ื•ื ืœื ืืžื•ืจ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ื”ื. ืžื™ ืžื›ื ืฉืจื•ืฆื” ืœื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืขื•ืžืง ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืงืจื•ื ืขืœ ื ื™ืกื•ื™ ื”ืกื“ืง ื”ื›ืคื•ืœ ื‘ืคื™ื–ื™ืงื” ื•ืžื™ ืฉื”ืคืกืงื” ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื” ื‘ืœื‘ืœื” ืื•ืชื• ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื–ื›ื•ืจ ืืช ื›ืœืœ ื”ืืฆื‘ืข ืื•ืชื• ื”ื–ื›ืจื ื• – ื”ืขื“ืฉื” ืชื ื™ื‘ ืืช ื”ืชื•ืฆืื•ืช ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืžืคืชื— ืฆืžืฆื ื”ืงื˜ืŸ ื‘ืฉื ื™ ืกื˜ื•ืคื™ื ืžื”ืžืคืชื— ื”ืžืงืกื™ืžืืœื™.

ืื ืงื“ื•ื˜ื” ืงื˜ื ื” ืœืกื™ื•ื – ื‘ื ื™ื’ื•ื“ ืœืืžื•ื ื” ื”ืจื•ื•ื—ืช, ืขื•ืžืง ื”ืฉื“ื” ื ืฉืžืจ ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื•ืจื›ื™ ืžื•ืงื“ ืฉื•ื ื™ื, ื‘ืžื™ืœื™ื ืื—ืจื•ืช โ€“ ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื ืืชื ืžืฉืชืžืฉื™ื ื‘ืขื“ืฉืช 24 ืž"ืž ืื• 105 ืž"ืž ื–ื” ืœื ืžืฉื ื”, ืื ื”ื ื•ืฉื ืฉืœื›ื ื ืฉืืจ ื‘ืื•ืชื• ื’ื•ื“ืœ (ืงืจื™ ื”ืชืงืจื‘ืชื ืื• ื”ืชืจื—ืงืชื ืžืกืคื™ืง ื‘ื›ื“ื™ ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ื’ื•ื“ืœื• ื”ื™ื—ืกื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืื•ื‘ื™ื™ืงื˜ ื‘ืคืจื™ื™ื), ืขื•ืžืง ื”ืฉื“ื” ื‘ืชืžื•ื ื” ืœื ืžืฉืชื ื”.

ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœืžืฆื•ื ื”ื•ื›ื—ื•ืช ืžืฆื•ืœืžื•ืช ืœื›ืš ื‘ื‘ืœื•ื’ ื”ืฆื™ืœื•ื ืฉืœ ื›ื•ืชื‘ ืฉื•ืจื•ืช ืืœื•.

ื”ื›ื•ืชื‘: ืขื™ื“ืŸ ืคืจืกืจ, ืขื•ืจืšย ืžื’ื–ื™ืŸ ืงื•ืžืคื•ื–ื™ืฆื™ื”ย ื•ืžื“ืจื™ืš ื‘ื’ืœื™ืฅ ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืกืคืจ ืœืฆื™ืœื•ื.

ื˜ืขืŸ ืขื•ื“ ื›ืชื‘ื•ืช ืงืฉื•ืจื•ืช
  • writing-notes-idea-conference

    ืžืชื—ื™ืœื™ื ืœืœืžื•ื“ ืžื•ืฉื’ื™ ื™ืกื•ื“

    ื‘ื›ืชื‘ื” ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ื”ืฆื’ื ื• ื‘ืคื ื™ื›ื ืืช ื”ืงื•ื ืกืคื˜ ืฉืœ ืงืืžืจื” ืื•ื‘ืกืงื•ืจื” (ืœืฉื›ื” ืืคืœื”, ื‘ืขื‘ืจื™ืช). ืจืขื™ื•ืŸ ื–ื”, ืขืœ …
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    ืงื™ืฆื•ืจ ืชื•ืœื“ื•ืช ื”ืฆื™ืœื•ื

    ืื™ืš ื”ื›ืœ ื”ืชื—ื™ืœ? ืฆื™ืœื•ื ื”ื•ื ืœืžืขืฉื” ืชื•ืฆืื” ืฉืœ ืฉื™ืœื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื›ืžื” ื’ื™ืœื•ื™ื™ื ื˜ื›ื ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื ืžื“ื”ื™ืžื™ื, ื‘ืžืื” ื”ื—ืžื™…
  • 1-1246451608rmul

    [ืืจื›ื™ื•ืŸ] ืžืฆื‘ื™ ื”ืฆื™ืœื•ื ืฉืœ ื”ืžืฆืœืžื”

    ื‘ืžืจื‘ื™ืช ื”ืžืฆืœืžื•ืช ืงื™ื™ื ื‘ื•ืจืจ ืžืฆื‘ื™ ืฆื™ืœื•ื ืจืืฉื™ ื”ืžืืคืฉืจ ื‘ื—ื™ืจื” ืฉืœ ืžืฆื‘ ื”ืฆื™ืœื•ื ื‘ื• ืขื•ื‘ื“ืช ื”ืžืฆืœืžื”. ื›ืœ ืžืฆ…
ื˜ืขืŸ ืขื•ื“ ื‘ ื™ืกื•ื“ื•ืช ื”ืฆื™ืœื•ื

3 ืชื’ื•ื‘ื•ืช

  1. Igal

    10/05/2012 ื‘ 10:22 PM

    ืชื•ื“ื” ืจื‘ื”, ืžืื•ื“ ืขื•ื–ืจ, ืฉื™ื”ื™ื• ืขื•ื“ ื”ืจื‘ื” ื›ืืœื”.

    ื”ืฉื‘

  2. mallal

    11/05/2012 ื‘ 4:58 PM

    ืžืืžืจ ืžื•ืฉืงืข ื•ืžืขื•ืœื” ,ื›ืœ ื”ื›ื‘ื•ื“.

    ื”ืฉื‘

  3. ืืื

    01/05/2014 ื‘ 3:11 PM

    ื”ืกื‘ืจ ืžืขื•ืœื”. ืขื–ืจืช. ืชื•ื“ื” ืจื‘ื”

    ื”ืฉื‘

ื›ืชื™ื‘ืช ืชื’ื•ื‘ื”

ื”ืื™ืžื™ื™ืœ ืœื ื™ื•ืฆื’ ื‘ืืชืจ. ืฉื“ื•ืช ื”ื—ื•ื‘ื” ืžืกื•ืžื ื™ื *